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《Freshwater Fisheries》 2012-06
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Studies on the embryonic development of sterlet

WU Xing-Bing1,ZHU Yong-Jiu1,Chen Jian-Wu1,ZHAO Jian-Hua2, LIU Wen-Cheng3,YANG De-Guo1(1.Yangtze River Fisheries Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences// Key Laboratory of Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation,Ministry of Agriculture of China,Wuhan 430223; 2.College of Fisheries,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan 430070; 3.Yichang Three Rivers Fishery LTD.,Yichang,Hubei 443000)  
The embryonic development characteristics of starlet(Acipenser ruthenus Linnaeus) were studied,under the water temperature 18±1℃.The results showed that the fully mature eggs were spherical,black,opacity,sticky,and 2.2~2.8 mm in diameter.it took 110 h from fertilization to hatching-out with the average acumulative temperature of 2023~2308 ℃·h.The cleavage pattern of starlet were peculiar radial holoblastic cleavage.The cells of animal pole had two-thirds covered the whole embryon at midgastrula stage.The heart were C type at stage of heart beating.The optic capsule had had pigment when the tail end approached heart.The embryonic development process could be divided into 7 stages,including fertilized egg stage,cell division stage,blastula stage,gastrula stage,neurula stage,organ formation stage and hatching stage.They contained thirty-four developing phases,whose characteristics were described in detail.In addition,the embryonic development characteristics of sterlet and other sturgeons were comparatively analysed in this paper.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划项目(No.2007BAD37B05);; 公益性行业(农业)科研专项经费项目(No.201003055)
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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