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《Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica》 1985-04
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A REVISION OF CHINESE CYPRINID GENUS SINOCYCLOCHEILUS WITH REFERENCE TO THE INTERSPECIFIC RELATIONSHIPS

CHU XIN-LUO GUI GUI-HUA (Kunming Institute of Zoology, Academia ,Sinica)  
The present paper deals with a systematic revision of the genus Sinocyclocheilus endemic to China. As a result, the total number of species and subspecies la the genus is increased from three as recorded in 1978 to seven including one new species. Besides, a key to species and subspecies is given.Considering the fact that Sinocyclocheilus lives in cave of under ground Water and spends its life in river or lake only at regular intervals, the authors are inclined to be-lieve that with the. development of cave-life the evolutionary trends are morphologically demonstrated by the lengthening or shortening of scales, the decreasing of radii on scales, the decreasing in size of scales, the weakening of the last unbranched dorsal ray and the disappearing of serrations on its posterior margin, and the appearing of naked portion on body, etc. These terminal states of characters are considered to be derivative ones. Consequently, a cladogram is illustrated to show the interspecific relationships.The new species is described as follows.Sinocyclocheilus malacopterus sp. nov. (fig. 1, g)Holotype: No. 806019, total length 149 mm, body length 119 mm, collected in June, 1980 from a cave at Datangzi, Luoping county, Yunnan. Paratypes: 30 specimens, body length 60-172 mm, collected in April to May, 1977 at Haijiashao, Zhanyi county, Yunnan and from a reservoir at Yangzhewo, Luoping county, Yunnan.Diagnosis: The new species is distinguished from Sinocyclocheilus grahami by its soft unbranched dorsal ray and vertically elliptical scales, from S. multipunctatus and S. angustiporus by larger scales covered through out the body, and from Sinocyclochei-lus sp. by more scales on lateral line and more radii on scales, which are vertically elliptical in shape.Type specimens are kept in the Kunming Institute of Zoology.
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1 CHU XINLUO CHEN YINRUI(Kunming Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica);A NEW GENUS AND SPECIES OF BLIND CYPRINID FISH FROM CHINA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ITS RELATIONSHIPS[J];Acta Zoologica Sinica;1982-04
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