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《Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica》 1989-02
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PHYLOGENY OF THE SUBFAMILY CYPRININAE (PISCES: CYPRINIDAE)

ZHOU WEI (Kunming Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica)  
This paper deals with the phytogeny of subfamily Cyprininae. Based on the opinion that Cyprininae is a monophyly derived from the subfamily Earbinae. Barbinae is chosen as an outgroup, from which some species are chosen as its representatives (Tab. 1). According to comparisons of skeletons, the auther is inclined to classify genus Scaphognathops under Barbinae rather than under Cyprininae. Consequently subfamily Cyprininae consists of five genera, i. e. Puntioplitcs, Procypris, Cyprinus, Carassioides and Carassius.Comparisons of characters between Cyprininae and Barbinae are studied. Then plesiomorphy and apomorphy are inferred. The state of all characters can be identified except fontanelle appearing in Puntioplites (Tab. 3). Based on characters analysis, a cladogram is deduced, showing in Fig. 10. It showes that Puntioplites is the sistergroup of other genera which share 4 syna-pomorphies (1, 2, 4, 5). It means that there are closer relationships among Procypris, Cyprinus, Carassioides and Carassius than the relationship between any of them and Puntioplites. This idea is different from the past idea (Wang, 1977; Wu, 1987), which believed that there was a close relationship between Procypris and Puntioplites. The auther considers that Procypris and Cyprinus form a sistergroup, and they are closer in the relationship.According to records of fossils, it can be inferred that Cyprininae had been derived from Barbinae in Miocene or early and that all living genera today had been evolved in Pliocene.
【Fund】: 中国科学院院长基金
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