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《Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica》 2007-02
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HUANG Jian-Dong, REN Dong~, SUN Jian-HaiCollege of Life Science, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100037, China  
This paper reviews the history and current status of the research on Ephemeroptera fossils from 7 aspects. Up to now, 40 families, 124 genera, 218 species of fossils have been reported from all over the world, including 8 genera and 13 species from China. A checklist of all described Ephemeroptera fossils, with their distribution and geological age is provided. Mayfly diversity and distribution during the main geological epoch are introduced. Phylogeny and higher classification of mayflies, feeding habits of nymphs, relationship with other insects, paleoecology and important value in biostratigraphic correlation are briefly summarized. In the second part, some problematical issues in this research field are enumerated, such as association of mayfly imago and nymph, validity of some known species etc. An integrative and thorough study of mayfly should be taken into consideration in future.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(30025006 30370184 30430100);; 北京市自然科学基金项目(5032003);; 北京市教育委员会科技发展计划重点项目(KZ200410028013);; 北京市市属市管高等学校拔尖创新人才项目资助
【CateGory Index】: Q915
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