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《Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica》 2007-04
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COMPARISON OF FLEAS FAUNA AND THE SPECIES DIVERSITY OF THE DIFFERENT SAMPLE PLOTS AND COMMUNITIES IN THE EAST PART OF WULING MOUNTAINS,CHINA

LIU Jing-Yuan1,YU Pin-Hong1,WU Hou-Yong2,DO Hong3,CHEN Shang-Quan1,WANG Shen-Wen41.Institute of Infectious Diseases,Hubei Academy of Preventive Medical Science,Wuhan 430079,China2.Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology,Academy of Military Medical Sciences,Beijing 100071,China3.Wufen County Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Wufen,Hubei 443400,China 4.Lichuan City Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Lichuan,Hubei 445400,China  
5 years' continuous study has been carried out to fleas in 7 different sample plots,3 different altitudes and 6 different ecological environment types in the east part of Wuling Mountains in Hubei.Results:1)in the 7 families 17 genera and 30 species of 4320 fleas collected,4 species belong to Palaearctic Region(13.33%),22 belong to Oriental Region(73.34%)and 4 are widely spread(13.33%),which is similar to fleas fauna in Wuliang Mountains and Lincang area in Yunnan,However,in the east part of Daba Mountains in Hubei,most fleas belong to Palaearctic region,which is significantly different;2)the rule of vertical distribution of fleas in the east part of Wuling Mountains is that under 1100m the fleas mainly belong to Oriental region,from 1 200 m there are a few species belong to Palaearctic Region and with the higher altitude,more species belong to Palaearctic Region;3)in 7 different sample plots,richness of species and individual number increase with the altitude higher(except Duling area and Tianpingshan area,the diversity index and uniformity index in other 5 sample plots are obviously lower and not distributed evenly),most sample plots have Palaeopsylla remota as the dominant species,but the quantity of the dominant species lacks regularity,which does not increase with the altitude higher;4)for the 6 different ecological types,there is an obvious regularity in dominant species and quantities as well.Palaeopsylla remota can be divided into 2 groups,one group includes mountain ridge forest,rill border forest and sloping field forest,the other includes growing forest and farmland shrub,the average quantity of dominant species is 80.03% for the former and 31.56%-48.92% for the latter;5)for similarity coefficient(q),in most sample plots,with the altitude lower and increase of the space distance,the similarity coefficient gradually decreases from north to south.Only Lucongpo area and Niuzhuang area,Lucongpo area and Duling area are the exception.It shows that the snippet or speckle of vegetation of the mountain increases or decreases the similarity of the flea community between sample plots.On the other hand,it is influenced with the altitude and space distance,that is,with the higher altitude and greater space distance,the similarity and diversity of fleas community will be lower and the more obvious speckle or fragment of the mountain vegetation will appear,which is obviously attributed to too much or too frequent human interference.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(30070679);; 湖北省自然科学基金(2004ABA138);; 湖北省科技攻关计划(2002AA301C43);; 湖北省卫生厅科研基金(NX200427)项目资助.
【CateGory Index】: Q958
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