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《Zoological Research》 1986-03
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SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF THE GENUS CYPRINUS (PISCES: CYPRINIDAE) IN YUNNAN, CHINA

Zhou Wei Chu Xinluo (Kunming Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica)  
The present paper deals with the genus Cyprinus in Yunnan Province. There have deen two systematic studies of the genus Cyprinus. One was done by Chen and Hwang (1977) and the other was done by Wang (1979). However, there are still many problems, such as the division of subgenera and the status of different taxa at species or subspecies level. These problems might result from the fact that the external characters applied by previous authors vary and greatly overlap. In view of the fact, a detailed comparison of skeleton was made with the purposes of finding reliable characters and applying them to the systematic study of Cyprinus. There are obvious differences in the shape of transverse process of the first vertebra, maxilla, supraethmoid, frontal, occipital process, vomer, pharyngeal and the bone of lower jaw in Cyprinus, They are good diagnostic characters for dividing subgenera and species. The characters and numbers of observed specimens are presented in Tab, 1 , According these skeletal characters, an artificial key to species is given, in which twelve species and subspecies are included. Finally, three different systems of the genus Cyprinus are shown in Tab. 2. As a result, it may well be that the Cyprinus consists of two natural groups, corresponding to subgenus Mesocyprinus and subgenus Cyprinus. Cyprinus crassilabris Chen et Hwang is amalgamated firstly and synonymized to Cyprinus carpio chilia Wu et al. The authers insist that C. micristius micristius Regan C. micristius fuxianensis Yang et al. are valid subspecies and that C. Pellegrini Pellegrini Tehang, C. pellegrini barbatus Chen et Hwang, C. yunnanensis yunnanensis Tehang andC. yunnanensis daliensis Chen et Hwang are deserved the status of different species instead of subspecies.
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