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《Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition》 2006-02
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Effects of Alfalfa and Oil Seeds on Production Performance and Milk Fatty Acid Composition of Dairy Cows

SUN Tao~1 LI Jian-guo~(1*) ZHAO Xiao-jing~2(1.College of Animal Science and Technology,Hebei Agricultural University,Baoding 071001,China;2.Baoding Vocational and Technical College,Baoding 071001,China)  
To study the effects of feeding alfalfa and oil seeds rich in linoleic or linolenic acids on the contents of conjugated linoleic acid(CLA) and unsaturated fatty acids in milk fat and the metabolic mechanism,nine Holstein cows were used in a 3×3 Latin square with a month period.Treatment diets were 1) basal diet;2) basal diet was replaced partially by alfalfa and whole flaxseeds(high linolenic,FLA);3) basal diet was replaced partially by alfalfa and cracked soybean(high linoleic,SOY).Diets were designed to contain similar crude protein,crude fat and fibre content.The results showed 1) the differences of milk production,milk fat percentages and milk protein contents for all groups were not significant(P0.05) when adding alfalfa and oil seeds into diets;2) alfalfa and oil seeds increased the contents of CLA and PUFA in milk fat significantly(P0.05).CLA concentrations in milk fat were 7.08,10.18 and 12.01 mg/g total fatty acids(TFA) for group 1,2 and 3,respectively,C_(18∶2) concentrations were 13.35,16.41 and 24.62 mg/g TFA,and C_(18∶3) concentrations were 1.55,4.62 and 4.52 mg/g TFA,respectively;3) the effect of adding soybean was better than that of adding flaxseed on increasing CLA content in milk fat,but Omega-6/ Omega-3 was lower when adding flaxseed into diets.
【Fund】: 河北省科技厅科技攻关项目:国家"十五"奶业重大专项-华北农区奶业现代化集成与产业化示范(2002BA518A10)
【CateGory Index】: S823.91
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