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《Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition》 2007-03
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Effect of Eucommia Ulmoicles Oliv Extract on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics,Meat Qualities and Muscular Amino Acid Contents in Growing Pig

WANG Jian-hui HE Jian-hua YI Xuan LI Yan ZHAO Yu-rong(Institute of Animal Nutrition,Hunan Agricultural University,Changsha 410128,China)  
To investigate the effect of Eucommia ulmoicles Oliv extract (EUOE) on growth performance carcass characteristics,meat qualities and muscular amino acid contents,a feeding trial was conducted with three hundred 42-d Duroc× (Landrace×Yorkshire) crossbred piglets with average weight (9.96±0.05) kg.They were randomly assigned to five treatment groups (six replicates per group,ten heads per replicate).The trial was spit into three phases,PhaseⅠ(9.96~20 kg BW);Phase Ⅱ(20~60 kg BW) and Phase Ⅲ (60~90 kg BW).The piglets were fed on the basal diet supplemented with graded EUOE (0,1 500,2 000,2 500 mg/kg) or flavomycin (12 mg/kg for Phase Ⅰand 8 mg/kg for Phase Ⅱand Ⅲ) respectively.The diet supplemented with 1 500 mg/kg EUOE showed significantly better results of ADDS (Phase Ⅰ) (P0.05),ADG,F/G and ADDS (Phase Ⅱ) (P0.05),F/G (Phase Ⅲ) (P0.05) than that of the control,and there was a trend of increase on ADFI with the graded level of EUOE supplementation (P=0.074) (Phase Ⅲ).As for the overall phase, ADG of 1 500,2 500 mg/kg EUOE and Flavomycin treatments were significantly different from the control (P0.05),no significant difference existed on other indices but a trend is detected on ADFI (P=0.086).There was a trend that EUOE supplementation improved the carcass characteristics and meat qualities by decreasing the drip loss,skin thickness and increase lion eye area (0.05P0.10).Total amino acid contents of 1 500 mg/kg EUOE group were significantly increased,and delicious amino acid contents of Flavomycin was significantly lowered but that of 1 500 mg/kg EUOE was significantly increased in pork muscle (P0.05).Furthermore,the examined delicious amino acid and total amino acid contents were decreased with the graded EUOE level (P0.05).This suggests that EUOE can ameliorate the carcass characteristics and muscular qualities,and 1 500 mg/kg EUOE supplementation shows its best in this experiment.
【Fund】: 湖南省重大专项“植物提取物有效成分在动物生产中应用的基础理论研究”(05NK003)
【CateGory Index】: S828
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