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《Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition》 2007-06
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Effects of Dietary Vitamin A Levels on Growth,Feed Utilization,Body Composition and Non-specific Immunological Responses of Juvenile Shrimp

YANG Qi-hui1,2 ZHOU Qi-cun1 CHI Shu-yan1 DONG Xiao-hui1(1.Fisheries College,Guangdong Ocean University,Zhanjiang 524025,China;2.Institute of Animal Nutrition,Sichuan Agricultural University,Ya'an 625014,China)  
To study the effects of different dietary levels of vitamin A on growth performance,feed utilization,body composition and non-specific immunological responses of juvenile shrimp(Penaeus vannamei Boone),an experiment was conducted using a total of 450 juvenile shrimps to investigate the effects of adding vitamin A(0,18,36,54 and 72 mg/kg respectively) on growth,feed utilization,body composition and non-specific immunological responses of juvenile shrimp(Penaeus vannamei Boone).Juvenile shrimps were randomly divided into 5 treatments with 3 replicates each(90 for each treatment,30 for each replicate).Five iso-nitrogenous and iso-energies diets were formulated as experimental diets,and the experiment lasted for 11 weeks.The results showed: In 4-week feeding trial,the diet with vitamin A supplementation could significantly increase the growth rate,feed convention ratio(FCR) and protein efficiency ratio(PER) of juvenile shrimp(P0.05),While the survival rate was not affected(P0.05).Up to 11-week feeding trial,there was no significant effect of increasing dietary vitamin A on growth,the survival rate,FCR and PER of shrimp(P0.05).The whole body lipid and protein content were significantly affected by the dietary vitamin A supplementation levels(P0.05),while there was no significant effect of vitamin A on body moisture and ash content.The activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD) of shrimp serum was not affected by the dietary vitamin A levels(P0.05).The phenoloxidase activity,lysozyme activity and red blood count decreased significantly when the dietary without vitamin A supplementation or more than 36 mg/kg were supplemented(P0.05).Based on broken-line regression analysis of weight gain rate at 4 wk and 11 wk,lysozyme activity and phenoloxidase activity(at 11wk),the optimal dietary supplementation levels of vitamin A for this diet formulation was 22.5 mg/kg,18.0 mg/kg and 59.51 mg/kg,respectively.
【Fund】: 广东省科技攻关项目(2002C20325)
【CateGory Index】: S968.22
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