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《Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition》 2008-04
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Study on Vitamin C Requirement of Juvenile Cobia(Rachycentron canadum L.)

ZHAO Hong-xia1 CAO Jun-ming1 TAN Yong-gang1 LIANG Hai-ou2 WU Jian-kai1 YANG Da-wei1(1.Institute of Animal Science,Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Guangzhou 510640,China;2.Hengxing Limited corporation of Guangdong,Zhanjiang 524000,China)  
The experiment was carried out to determine the dietary vitamin C requirement of juvenile Cobia(Rachycentron canadum L.).Two hundred and twenty five fish with an average body weight of 25.85 g were randomly divided into 5 groups with 3 replicates and each replicate contained 15 fish;Five test forages containing different doses of vitamin C(0,37.5,75,150,300 mg/kg) were used to feed the fish for 56 days.The optimal dietary vitamin C requirement was evaluated based on growth performance,vitamin C accumulation contents in tissues and non-specific immunity in cobia juveniles.The results indicated that fish fed with 75 mg/kg of vitamin C had highest weight gain rate(WGR) and special gain rate(SGR),which were significantly higher than that of 0 and 300 mg/kg group(P0.05).With the increase of dietary vitamin C,the crude protein content of whole fish increased at first and then decreased,which reached a peak at 75 mg/kg.But in each group,no significant difference was obtained in the content of dry matter,crude protein,crude fat and crude ash of whole body(P0.05).With the increase of the level of dietary vitamin C,vitamin C accumulations of serum in fish increased and reached a peak,and then decreased,and the highest vitamin C accumulations of serum were found in the fish fed with 150 mg/kg of vitamin C,which was significantly higher that of 0 mg/kg group(P0.05).The vitamin C accumulations in liver and brain of fish fed with 300 mg/kg of vitamin C were the highest.The vitamin C accumulations in the brain of 300 mg/kg group were significantly higher than that of 0,37.5 and 75 mg/kg groups(P0.05),and the vitamin C accumulations in the liver were significantly higher than that of 0,37.5 and 150 mg/kg groups(P0.05).Lysozyme increased at first and then decreased with the increase of the level of dietary vitamin C,and the lysozyme in 75 mg/kg group was the highest,which was significantly higher than that of 0,37.5 and 300 mg/kg groups.Total antioxidant competence(T-AOC) levels increased significantly when the levels of dietary vitamin C increased from 0 to 300 mg/kg,and 75,150,300 mg/kg groups were significantly higher than 0 mg/kg group(P0.05).The highest renal antioxygen ion free radicals were found in the fish fed with 150 mg/kg of vitamin C,but no significant difference was obtained in each group(P0.05).Set the weight gain ratio of the fish and the serum lysozyme content as the indices,the regression analysis of turning curve model showed that the optimal vitamin C requirement for juvenile cobia growth was 70 and 80.72 mg/kg respectively.
【Fund】: 广东省科技计划资助项目(2002B21504)
【CateGory Index】: S965.3
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