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《Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition》 2010-04
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Effects of Maternal Dietary Arginine Levels on Small Intestinal Mucosa Development of Suckling Piglets

GUO Changyi1,2 JIANG Zongyong1 LI Zhi3 LIN Yingcai1 JIANG Shouqun1 MA Xianyong1 ZHENG Chuntian1(1.The Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science(South China)of Ministry of Agriculture,Guangdong Public Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition,Institute of Animal Sciences,Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Guangzhou 510640,China;2.College of Animal Sciences,South China Agricultural University,Guangzhou 510642,China;3.Premix Inve Nutrition(Shenzhen)Co.,Ltd.,Shenzhen 518103,China)  
The research was conducted to study the effects and antioxidation mechanisms of maternal dietary arginine levels on small intestinal mucosa development of suckling piglets.Thirty-six Yorkshire×Landrace multiparous sows were selected and randomly assigned into three groups including 0.82% arginine group(n=12),1.23% arginine group(n=12)and 1.64% arginine group(n=12),and were fed diets containing 0.82%,1.23% and 1.64% arginine,respectively.The research was done from day 4 to 22 after parturition.Results showed that villous height of duodenum of suckling piglet was significantly higher in 1.23% and 1.64% arginine groups than that in 0.82% arginine group(P0.05),and crypt depth of duodenum and ileum of suckling piglet was significantly lower in 1.64% arginine group compared with 0.82% arginine group(P0.05),also crypt depth of jejunum of suckling piglet in 1.23% and 1.64% arginine groups was significantly lower than that in 0.82% arginine group(P0.05).Lactase and alkaline phosphatase activities in duodenum and jejunum of suckling piglet were significantly higher in 1.64% arginine group compared with 0.82% arginine group(P0.05).Glutathione peroxides(GSH-Px)activity of intestinal mucosa of suckling piglet was increased with the rise of maternal dietary arginine level,which was significantly different between every two groups in duodenum of suckling piglet(P0.05),and significantly improved in jejunum and ileum of suckling piglet in 1.64% arginine group compared with 0.82% arginine group(P0.05).The superoxide dismutase(SOD)activities in duodenum,jejunum and ileum of suckling piglet were significantly higher in 1.64% arginine group than those in 0.82% arginine group(P0.05).The duodenum malonaldehyde(MDA)content of suckling piglet was significantly lower in 1.23% and 1.64% arginine groups compared with 0.82% arginine group(P0.05),and the jejunum MDA content was significantly lower in 1.64% arginine group in contrast to 0.82% arginine group(P0.05).These results indicate that indicate maternal dietary arginine level can ameliorate small intestinal mucosa development of suckling piglet,and its mechanism might be related to better antioxidant capacity with higher dietary arginine level.
【Fund】: 十一五国家科技支撑计划项目(2006BAD14B05-3);; 国际科技合作项目(2009DFA31570);; 广东省国际科技合作计划(2006A50106002)
【CateGory Index】: S828.5
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