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《Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition》 2010-06
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Effects of Fermented Liquid Cereal Grain Feed on Growth Performance and Intestinal Microbial Flora Diversity of Early-weaned Piglets

LI Yongming XU Ziwei LI Fang TAO Xin LV Jinhui(Institute of Animal Science and Husbandry,Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Hangzhou 310021,China)  
This experiment was conducted to study the effects of fermented liquid cereal grain feed on growth performance and intestinal microbial flora diversity of early-weaned piglets.One hundred and forty-four Duroc×Landrace×Yorkshire piglets were weaned at(14±2) days of age and allotted into two dietary groups in a completely randomized block design with 6 replicates in each group and 12 pigs in each replicate.The two dietary groups(all non-heated and non-pelleted diets) were dry meal diet(DRY) and fermented liquid cereal grain feed(FLG).The trial lasted for 28 days.When the trial was over,3 piglets from each replicate were selected for collection of feces samples at anus.The 3 feces samples from the same replicate were mixed for extraction of genomic DNA and 16S rDNA PCR-DGGE analysis of microbial flora.The results indicated that piglets fed FLG had significantly higher average daily feed intake(22.63%,P0.01) and better average daily weight gain(13.50%,P0.05) than piglets fed DRY.The lanes in DGGE gel electrophoresis images were completely divided into two clusters corresponding to treatments by UPGMA analysis.The Shannon-Wiener diversity index(P0.01),Pielou's evenness index(P=0.06) and richness index(P0.05) were all increased significantly while Simpson dominance index(P0.01) was decreased significantly in feces sample from FLG-fed piglets compared to DRY-fed piglets.The results suggest that FLG can facilitate early-weaned piglets to restructure a highly diverse and balanced bacterial community structure in hindgut,and to enhance growth performance.
【Fund】: 国家生猪现代产业技术体系建设(nycytx-009);; 浙江省重大科技专项(2008C02003-2 2008C02003-3)
【CateGory Index】: S828.5
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