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《Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition》 2010-06
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Development of Mathematic Models to Estimate Amino Acid Requirements of Meat Geese

SUN Guorong1 GONG Shaoming1 SHEN Hongmin1 HE Daqian1YU Huaidan1 XIA Laifa2 ZHANG Shiyuan3 XUE Huiqin1 HANG Yiqiong1(1.Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Research Institute,Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Shanghai 201106,China;2.Shanghai Feed Test Center,Shanghai 201106,China;3.College of Animal Science and Technology,Yangzhou University,Yangzhou 225009,China)  
The objective of this study was to formulate a mathematic model to calculate the amino acid requirements of meat geese.The amino acid requirements of maintenance and growth were calculated according to the factorial method.In trial 1,a nitrogen-free diet and a nitrogen-low diet were designed and applied for the determination of protein requirement of maintenance.In trial 2,in order to research into the protein requirement of growth,a slaughter test was used to measure the amount of protein deposition in feather,carcass and viscera,respectively.The results showed that the amount of protein lost was 6.52 g/d from skin,1.26 g/d from the creatinine metabolism and 3.48 g/d from intestinal losses,so the protein requirement of maintenance of meat geese should be 5.37 g/(d·W2/3).The amount of protein deposition in feather and body tissue(carcass and viscera) per kg daily weight gain was 0.045 1 and 0.141 8 g,respectively.According to the results,we have formulated a mathematic model for development of amino acid requirements of meat geese as follows: AA=5.37W2/3×MAA+0.045 1ΔW×FAA+0.141 8ΔW×CAA,where AA is amino acid requirement(g/d);W2/3 is metabolic body weight(kg);ΔW is daily weight gain(g);MAA,FAA and CAA are the amino acid patterns for maintenance,feather growth and carcass growth,respectively.Using this model,we get the amino acid requirements of meat geese from 0 to 9 weeks of age,most of which are higher than the recommended requirements by the Former Soviet Union Institute of Animal Science.
【Fund】: 国家“十五”科技攻关项目(2004BA514A09)资助;; 现代水禽产业技术体系
【CateGory Index】: S835
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