Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition》 2012-12
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

Effects of Feeding Regimen and Dietary Tryptophan Level on Immune Function and Antioxidant Indices of Yangzhou Geese

WEI Zongyou1,2 WANG Hongrong1 PAN Xiaohua1 YU Lihuai1 JI Yun1(1.College of Animal Science and Technology,Yangzhou University,Yangzhou 222500,China;2.Taicang Animal Husbandry &.Veterinary Station,Taicang 215400,China)  
The objective of this study was investigate the effects of feeding regimen and dietary tryptophan level on immune function and antioxidant indices of Yangzhou geese.A total of 270 21-day-old Yangzhou geese were randomly divided into 6 groups with 3 replicates per group and 15 geese per replicate.The experiment lasted for 42 days.A 2×3 factorial design was adopted in this experiment,including two feeding regimen(ad libitum and feed restriction) and three dietary tryptophan levels(0.14%,0.22% and 0.30%).The results showed as follows: 1) average daily feed intake(ADFI) and average daily gain(ADG) of geese in ad libitum group were significantly higher than those in feed restriction group(P0.05),but feeding regimen had no significant effect on feed to gain ratio(P0.05).Significant interaction was found between feeding regimen and tryptophan level in the ADFI and ADG of Yangzhou geese(P0.05).2) Feeding regimen had no significant effect on spleen index,thymus index and bursa of Fabricius index(P0.05).Compared with low tryptophan level group,the spleen index of geese in high tryptophan level group was significantly increased(P0.05),and dietary tryptophan level had no significant effect on thymus index and bursa of Fabricius index(P0.05).3) The serum immunoglobulin G(IgG) content,superoxide dismutase(SOD) activity and total antioxidant capacity(T-AOC) in middle and high tryptophan level groups were significantly higher than those in low tryptophan level group(P0.05),and serum immunoglobulin M(IgM) in high tryptophan level group was significantly higher than that in low tryptophan level group(P0.05),but dietary tryptophan level had no significant effect on serum immunoglobulin A(IgA) and malonaldehyde(MDA) contents and glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px) activity(P0.05).4) Typical apoptosis was found in splenic lymphocyte of geese in low tryptophan level group by electron microscope,including cell deformation,nuclear chromatin condensation and coarctation,mitochondrial swelled and obscured,the appearance of bright area and cavitation in cristae,obvious degranulation and disorder of rough endoplasmic reticulum.In conclusion,adequate supplementation of tryptophan in basal diet can increase growth performance of geese.Geese fed diets with low tryptophan level lead to apoptosis of splenic lymphocyte,while tryptophan supplementation can ameliorate this circumstance,promote the development of the spleen,and improve the capacity of total antioxidant and humoral immunity.
【Fund】: 江苏省普通高校研究生科研创新计划项目资助
【CateGory Index】: S835.5
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 XU Hong-li et al(Shandong Lukang Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd,Jining,Shandong 272121);Research Progress of the Application of Tryptophan in Feedstuffs[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2013-13
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 5 Hits
1 XI Peng-bin LIN Ying-cai JIANG Zong-yong* ZHENG Chun-tianZHOU Gui-lian JIANG Shou-qun(Institute of Animal Science , Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangdong Public Laboratory ofAnimal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangzhou 510640, China) professor;Effects of Dietary Tryptophan Level on Growth Performance, Carcass Traits, Whole-body Nutrient Retention and Hypothalamic Serotonin Concentration in Chinese Color-feathered Chicks Aged from 43 to 63 Days[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2009-02
2 MA Yu'e1 ZHAN Xiuan1 ZHU Qiaoming2 LIU Weilong1 XIA Lei1(1.Institute of Feed Science,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310029,China; 2.Zhejiang Xinxin Feed Co.,Ltd.,Jiaxing 314005,China);Dietary Tryptophan Level Affects Performance,Antioxidant Function and Serum Biochemical Indices of Yellow-Feathered Broiler Breeders[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2011-12
3 Shi Shourong,Wang Zhiyue,Yang Haiming,Zhang Jun;Effects of dietary metabolizable energy and crude protein levels on growth performance in 5-10 weeks goslings[J];Feed Industry;2006-23
4 Zhang Kuo,Wang An,Liu Yangjing;Research on adequate requirement of tryptophan of 12~17 weeks JinDing ducks[J];Feed Industry;2011-20
5 MIN Yu-na~(1,2),HOU Shui-sheng~2,GAO Yu-peng~1,HUANG Wei~2,Liu Fu-zhu~1,ZHAO Ling~2,YU Jun-ying~2(1 College of Animal Sci-Tech,Northwest A & F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China;2 Institute of Animal Sciences,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100094,China);Study on the requirements of energy and protein for broiler geese[J];Journal of Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry(Natural Science Edition);2006-12
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 WEI Zongyou ZHANG Jianzhi YU Lihuai WANG Hongrong~* WANG Mengzhi(College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China) professor;Effects of Dietary Energy Levels on Performance and Fat Deposition of Yangzhou Goslings from 6 to 10 Weeks of Age[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2009-05
2 YU Dongyou ZHOU Bin RAO Wei DONG Xinyang ZOU Xiaoting(Key Laboratory for Molecular Animal Nutrition of Ministry of Education,Institute of Feed Science,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310029,China);Effects of Dietary Tryptophan Levels on Performance and Egg Quality of Laying Hens[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2010-05
3 XI Pengbin LIN Yingcai JIANG Shouqun ZHENG Chuntian ZHOU Guilian JIANG Zongyong (Institute of Animal Science,Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science(South China),Guangdong Public Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Nutrition,Guangzhou 510640,China);Effects of Dietary Methionine Levels on Growth Performance,Carcass Quality,Feather Protein Retention and Meat Quality in Yellow-feathered Broiler Chickens Aged from 43 to 63 Days[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2011-02
4 YU Jianjian SHU Gang JIANG Qingyan (College of Animal Sciences,South China Agricultural University,Guangzhou,510642,China);Recent Advances in Regulating Feed Intake by Amino Acids[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2011-06
5 MA Yu'e1 ZHAN Xiuan1 ZHU Qiaoming2 LIU Weilong1 XIA Lei1(1.Institute of Feed Science,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310029,China; 2.Zhejiang Xinxin Feed Co.,Ltd.,Jiaxing 314005,China);Dietary Tryptophan Level Affects Performance,Antioxidant Function and Serum Biochemical Indices of Yellow-Feathered Broiler Breeders[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2011-12
6 LIAO Yu-ying,YANG Jia-huang,HE Ren-chun,QIN Li-mei,WEI Feng-ying,MAI Wei-hong,ZHOU Heng,LU Gui-you(Guangxi Animal Science Institute,Nanning,Guangxi,530001,China);Effects of Different Dietary Crude Protein on Geese Performance and Carcass Quality[J];Guangxi Sciences;2007-04
7 XIE Ming1 HAN Xufeng1,2 HOU Shuisheng1 HUANG Wei1 YU Junying1(1.Institute of Animal Science,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100193,China;2.College of Animal Science and Technology,Northwest A&F University,Yangling 712100,China);Interrelationship between Tryptophan and Niacin of Pekin Ducks Aged from 1 to 14 Days[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2012-12
8 WANG Hongrong JI Yun(College of Animal Science and Technology,Yangzhou University,Yangzhou 225009,China);Advanced Research in Biological Activities and Functions of Nutritional Regulation of Amino Acids[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2013-03
9 XU Hong-li et al(Shandong Lukang Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd,Jining,Shandong 272121);Research Progress of the Application of Tryptophan in Feedstuffs[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2013-13
10 YU Lihuai;ZHANG Jun;WEI Zongyou;WANG Hongrong;PAN Xiaohua;LIANG Xianghuan;YANG Xue;College of Animal Science and Technology,Yangzhou University;Taicang Animal Husbandry &. Veterinary Station;Kangyuan Dairy Company of Yangzhouhou;;Effects of Dietary Tryptophan Level on Protein Metabolism of Yangzhou Goslings[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2014-01
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 ZHU Youcai~(1,2),ZHAN Kai~(2*),LI Junying~2,LIU Wei~2,HAN Tao~3,LI Shaoquan~3 (1.Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine,Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hefei 230031,China;2.College of Animal Science and Technology,Anhui Agricultural University,Hefei 230036,China;3.Anhui Wanxi Mahuangji Poultry Co.Ltd.Huoqiu 237400,China);Effects of Crude Protein Level on Laying Performance of Huainan Partridge Chicken during the Later Period[A];[C];2013
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 WANG Dong-yang et al(College of Biotechnology,Tianjin University of Science & Technology,Tianjin 300222);Optimization of L-tryptophan Fermentation Medium by Orthogonal Experiment[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2011-04
2 LI Jun, HUANG Yan (School of Pharmacy, AnHui Medical University, Hefei 230032,China);Advances in studies on heme oxygenase[J];Anhui Medical and Pharmaceutical Journal;2005-01
3 XI Peng-bin LIN Ying-cai JIANG Zong-yong* ZHENG Chun-tianZHOU Gui-lian JIANG Shou-qun(Institute of Animal Science , Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangdong Public Laboratory ofAnimal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangzhou 510640, China) professor;Effects of Dietary Tryptophan Level on Growth Performance, Carcass Traits, Whole-body Nutrient Retention and Hypothalamic Serotonin Concentration in Chinese Color-feathered Chicks Aged from 43 to 63 Days[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2009-02
4 YU Dongyou ZHOU Bin RAO Wei DONG Xinyang ZOU Xiaoting(Key Laboratory for Molecular Animal Nutrition of Ministry of Education,Institute of Feed Science,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310029,China);Effects of Dietary Tryptophan Levels on Performance and Egg Quality of Laying Hens[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2010-05
5 XI Pengbin LIN Yingcai ZHENG Chuntian JIANG Shouqun ZHOU Guilian JIANG Zongyong (Institute of Animal Sciences, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory ofAnimal Nutrition and Feed Science (South China), Guangdong Public Laboratory of AnimalBreeding and Nutrition, Guangzhou 510640, China);Effects of Dietary Tryptophan Levels on Growth,Whole-body Nutrient Retention and Hypothalamic Serotonin Concentration in Yellow-feathered Broilers Aged 1 to 21 Days[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2011-01
6 WANG Rongfa1 LI Min1 HE Xi1 YI Xuewu2 YANG Qiang3 TANG Yanjun1 QIAO Shiyan3 ZHANG Shirui1 (1.Institute of Animal Nutrition,Hunan Agricultural University,Engineer Research Center of Feed Safety Efficient Utilization of Ministry of Education,Changsha 410128,China;2.Hunan Sinowest Animal Nutrition Co.,Ltd.,Changsha 410013,China;3.National Feed Engineering Technology Research Center,Beijing 100193,China);Tryptophan Requirements of Growing Pigs Fed Low Protein Diets[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2011-10
7 MA Yu'e1 ZHAN Xiuan1 ZHU Qiaoming2 LIU Weilong1 XIA Lei1(1.Institute of Feed Science,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310029,China; 2.Zhejiang Xinxin Feed Co.,Ltd.,Jiaxing 314005,China);Dietary Tryptophan Level Affects Performance,Antioxidant Function and Serum Biochemical Indices of Yellow-Feathered Broiler Breeders[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2011-12
8 LIN Ying-cai, JIANG Zong-yong, YU De-qian,ZHENG Li,WU Wei-hui, LIU Yan-he, ZHANG Zhen-bing(Institute of Animal Science,Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Science,Guangzhou 510640,China);STUDY ON THE TRYPTOPHAN REQUIREMENTOF WEANLING PIGLETS[J];ACTA ZOONUTRIMENTA SINICA;1999-03
9 HE Cheng 1,JIA Jun zhen 2,GAO Wa 1,XIA Guo liang 3 (1 The Veterinary Medicine College;2 The Laboratory of Electron Microscope; 3 Biology college, China Agricultural University,Beijing 100094,China);Study on broilers ascites mechanisms:the pathological change of broilers lung ultrastructure exposed to low temperature[J];Journal of Chinese Electron Microscopy Society;2002-02
10 Wang Peng,Wang An,Li Lijuan;Effects of dietary tryptophan level on growth performance and blood parameters of AA broiler[J];Feed Industry;2010-20
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 WANG Tao;JIA Gang;LEI Huaigang;LI Rui;WANG Kangning;Animal Nutrition Institute,Sichuan Agricultural University;College of Animal Science and Technology,Sichuan Agricultural University;Guangyuan Animal Husbandry Bureau in Sichuan Province;;Effects of Dietary Tryptophan Level on Performance and Serum Biochemical Indices of Growing Meat Rabbits[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2014-08
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 LI Jian-xin, ZHANG Xu-mei, XU Qi-shou(Institute of Radiation Medicine,Academy of Military MedicalSciences,Beijing 100850, China);Physiological and Biochemical Effects of Tryptophan and Its Application[J];Amino Acids & Biotic Resources;2005-03
2 Liu Limal;Sun Wenzhi;Tong Bing (Northeast Agricultural University,Harbin 150030,PRC);THE INFLUENCE OF DIETARY TRYPTOPHAN LEVELS ON PLASMA TRYPTOPHAN CONCENTRATIONS AND MEAN DAILY GAIN IN BROILER CHICKS[J];JOURNAL OF NORTHEAST AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY;1996-01
3 Wu Xilin Yang Zhongyuan The Graduate School,CAAS,Beijing,100081Gao zhenchuan Zhang Qi Jiang Yunxia The Animal Science Institute,CAAS,100094;STUDIES FOR THE EFFECTS OF DIETARY TRYPTOPHAN LEVELS ON THE GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL INDICES OF PIGLETS[J];;1994-02
4 WU Miao-zong,CAI Hui-yi,WANG Hai-hong,LIU Guo-hua (Feed Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing,100081,China);STUDY ON THE TRYPTOPHAN REQUIREMENT IN 0~3 WEEK BROILERS[J];Acta Zoonutrimenta Sinica;2003-02
5 XI Peng-bin LIN Ying-cai JIANG Zong-yong* ZHENG Chun-tianZHOU Gui-lian JIANG Shou-qun(Institute of Animal Science , Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangdong Public Laboratory ofAnimal Breeding and Nutrition, Guangzhou 510640, China) professor;Effects of Dietary Tryptophan Level on Growth Performance, Carcass Traits, Whole-body Nutrient Retention and Hypothalamic Serotonin Concentration in Chinese Color-feathered Chicks Aged from 43 to 63 Days[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2009-02
6 YU Dongyou ZHOU Bin RAO Wei DONG Xinyang ZOU Xiaoting(Key Laboratory for Molecular Animal Nutrition of Ministry of Education,Institute of Feed Science,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310029,China);Effects of Dietary Tryptophan Levels on Performance and Egg Quality of Laying Hens[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2010-05
7 XI Pengbin LIN Yingcai ZHENG Chuntian JIANG Shouqun ZHOU Guilian JIANG Zongyong (Institute of Animal Sciences, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory ofAnimal Nutrition and Feed Science (South China), Guangdong Public Laboratory of AnimalBreeding and Nutrition, Guangzhou 510640, China);Effects of Dietary Tryptophan Levels on Growth,Whole-body Nutrient Retention and Hypothalamic Serotonin Concentration in Yellow-feathered Broilers Aged 1 to 21 Days[J];Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition;2011-01
8 Chen Jinwen ( Veterinary Research Institute, Changchan University of Agriculture and Animal Sciences. Changchun, 130062) Yang Shan (Department of Animal Sciences. NEA U. Harbin. 150030)Mo Dihua Wen Bozhen Zhao Heshan Hu Gangan ( Institute of Anima;EFFECTS OF DIETARY METABOLIZABLE ENERGYAND PROTEIN LEVELS ON ABDOMINAL FATAND PLASMA LIPIDS LEVELS OF BROILERS[J];ACTA ZOONUTRIMENTA SINICA;1998-01
9 WU Wei-hui , JIANG Zong-yong , LIN Ying-cai ,YU De-qian , ZHENG Li , LIU Yan-he(Institute of Animal Science,Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Science,Guangzhou 510640,China);STUDIES ON THE REQUIREMENT OF DIGESTIBLE TRYPTOPHAN FOR MALE AND FEMALE BROILERS[J];ACTA ZOONUTRIMENTA SINICA;1999-02
10 KUANG Sheng-yao(Animal Nutrition Institute of Sichuan Academy of Animal ScienceSichuan Feed Science Research and Development Centre,Chengdu 610066,China);The Application and Research of Tryptophane in Swine's Diet[J];China Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Medicine;2009-09
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved