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《Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition》 2013-11
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Arsenic Contamination in Feed Affects Performance,Egg Quality and Antioxidant Capacity of Laying Hens

JIANG Yuanjing;YUAN Chao;SONG Huahui;ZOU Xiaoting;Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science of Ministry of Agriculture,Feed Science Institute,Zhejiang University;  
This experiment was conducted to study the effects of arsenic contamination in feed on performance,egg quality and antioxidant capacity of laying hens. Three hundred and tw enty 56-week-old ‘Jinghong No. 1'laying hens with the similar performance were randomly allocated to 4 groups with 4 replicates per group and 20 layers per replicate. The control group was fed a basal diet and experimental groups(groups T1,T2 and T3) were fed the basal diets supplemented with 17,34 and 51 mg /kg arsenic,respectively. The experiment lasted for 8 weeks. The results show ed as follows: 1) there were no significant differences in laying rate,average egg weight,average daily feed intake and feed / egg ratio among all groups(P 0.05). 2) Compared with the control group,the eggshell strength in the groups T1,T2 and T3 was decreased by 27.32%,17.86%and 15.48% at week 4,respectivly(P 0.05),and the albumen height in the T3 group was decreased by17.33% at week 4(P 0.05). Arsenic contamination has a tendency to reduce yolk color at weeks 4 and 8(P 0.05). 3) The serum hydrosulfuryl content in T3 group was significantly low er than that in the control group(P 0.05). 4) Compared with the control group,the liver superoxide dismutase(SOD) activity in group T3 was significantly decreased(P 0.05),and the liver malondialehyde content in groups T2and T3was significantly increased(P 0.05); the kidney SOD activity in groups T1,T2 and T3 was significantly decreased(P 0.05),and the kidney glutathione peroxidase activity in groups T1 and T3 was significantly decreased(P 0.05). These results indicate that arsenic contamination can reduce the egg quality,induce the lipid peroxidation,and reduce the antioxidant capacity of laying hens.
【Fund】: 国家蛋鸡产业技术体系建设专项基金资助(CARS-41-K17)
【CateGory Index】: S831.5
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