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《ACTA ZOONUTRIMENTA SINICA》 1998-02
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STUDIES ON THE EFFECTS OF BETAINEIN BROILER CHICKS

Wang Yizhen Zhan xiuan(Feed Science Institute,Zhejiang Agricultural University,Hangzhou,310029)  
? 810 Avian broiler chicks were allotted to six groups by weightEvery group included three replicate lots of fourty five birds eachThe groups received the same basal diet(301 Mcal/kg ME,2201% CP,029% Met,051% TSAA)supplemented with 0(Metunadded control group,MUG),600,1300,2000,2700mg/kg betaine respectively(test groups),or 2000 mg/kg methionine(Metadded control group,MAG)during the period 1 to 24 days posthatchingThe results of rearing trial showed that betaine obviously increased feed intake(FI) and average daily gain(ADG),decreased feed gain ratio(F/G),and that the respones were improved with betaine dosage increaseCompared with MUG,2000mg/kg betaine treated group was the most effective in increasing FI by 807%(P001)and ADG by 1262%(P001),decreasing F/G by 435%(P001)Compared with MAG,2000mg/kg betaine improved FI by 616%(P001)and ADG by 639%(P001),reduced F/G by 065%(P005),whereas 600mg/kg betaine had no significant difference(P005)In addition,it was found that betaine apparently changed the carcass composition and meat quality by slaughter trialTest groups obviously enchanced percentage of breast(P001),decreased percentage of abodominal fat(P003),increased content of intermuscular fat(CIMF),of creatine and creatinine in muscule(P005)in contrast to MUG,yet all didn′t distinguish from those of MAG except for the CIMF(P004)
【CateGory Index】: S831
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