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《ADVANCE IN EARTH SCIENCES》 2000-03
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STUDY ON EVAPOTRANSPIRATION AND ITS IMPACT FACTORS OVER YELLOW RIVER UPPER STREAM AREA

LI Lin,ZHANG Guosheng,WANG Qingchun,SHI Xinghe (Qinghai Meteorological Bureau,Xining 810001,China)  
By using of Penman formula, the authors calculated the evapotranspiration since 1980s, and analyzed the variation tendency of some climatic factors such as evapotranspiration, sunshine duration, air temperature, air saturation deficit etc, and focused on their impact to the evapotranspiration. The results show that the evapotranspiration is increasing annually with the speed of 3.25 mm over Yellow River upper stream area;while the sunshine duration which is considered as main impact factor, is increasing with the speed of 3.6 h/a;air temperature is appearing the increasing tendency, and its climatic tendency is 0.4 ℃ /10 a; air saturation deficit is increasing with 0.02 hPa/a. Therefore, we could think that the evapotranspiration is greatly increasing as increment of sunshine duration and air temperature deficit over Yellow River upper stream area. But the increment of evapotranspiration and decrement of precipitation amount impact directly on the decrement of flow curve and expanding of grassland's desertization over Yellow River upper stream.
【Fund】: 全国政协项目!“气候变化对我国北方地区淡水资源可持续利用的影响及对策”资助
【CateGory Index】: X141
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