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《Advance In Earth Sciences》 2002-06
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DEEPSEA HOT SPRINGS CREATURESTHE HUMAN BEING's GENIC RESOURCE THESAURUS

ZHANG Hongxiang1,2, ZHAO Qianjun2, GUO Lin2(1. Geology and Geophysics Institute of Chinese Academic Sciences, Beijing 100101,China; 2.Bureau of Science and Technology for Resources and Environment, Chinese Academic Sciences, Beijing 100864,China)  
s: The first expedition to discover and explore deep sea hot spring creatures was on the Galapagos Rift in 1977 using the research submarine Alvin. In order to adapt to the special deepsea surrounding, these creatures were rebuild to grotesque in shape, and most of those were taken the effective creature luminant. Nowadays, there is a new "boom" stage on the field of seacreature due to the fact that the deepsea hot springs host abundant life forms living on recently erupted deepsea volcanic lavas. These creatures depend on chemosynthesis to maintain their living and multiply, consisting of a special ecosystem which is a challenge and supplement to photosynthesis ecosystem. An important research significative meaning is provided by this phenomenon. The most popular ecosystem is like a cycle, in which green plants are consists of the base of food cycle, and photosynthesis play the role of translator of energy and food, in the end, these materials are used by consumers such as human beings. However, this ecosystem can not explain the extensively existing phenomena of creatures in the deepsea. The deepsea hot spring creatures have a momentous scientific value to probe into the origin of lives and to exploit the space of living, moreover, it indicates important applied values and commercial future, which were practiced in some fields, such as new medicines research, genic treatment, industrial application and environment protection. The deepsea creatures are thesaurus of new medicine and active materials holding medical values, and most of those can not be found in terraneous creatures. "Taking medicines from sea" has been the focus in medical field. Moreover, scientists have achieved a huge success to cure some illness by means of replanting a series of deepsea creature gene to the sickness, indicting the splendid future of genic therapeutic. The special enzymes from deepsea creatures usually keep effective activity in most industrial processes, and can be used in industrial fields extensive. These deepsea creatures also have important applied values in environmentprotection area, which can cleaned out heavy metal and petrolic pollution. The deepsea creature genic and enzymic resources have been hold huge commercial future. Nowadays, several billion dollars values have got from the application of deepsea creatures. Thus, the deepsea creatures industry was called the rising sun industry of blue sea. 
【CateGory Index】: Q178.53
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