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《Advance In Earth Sciences》 2003-02
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PROCEEDING OF GAS HYDRATE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN US

CHEN Duofu1, XU Wenxin1,WU Shiguo2,SONG Haibin3, YAO Baichu4(1.Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640,China;2.Institute of Oceanology of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071,China;3.Institute of Geology and Geophysics of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China;4.Guangzhou Marine Geological Surveys, MGMR, Guangzhou 510075, China)  
Methane hydrates represent a potentially enormous natural gas resource. Estimates range as high as 1.98×1016m3 beneath the Arctic permafrost and along the slopes and rises of continental shelves around the globe, many times the estimated total of worldwide conventional resources of natural gas and oil. This global reservoir may profoundly impact both the stability of the sea floor and longterm climate. If it is determined that the safe production of methane from hydrates is technically feasible and economically viable, it would influnce the world economic growth, the energy security, and the worldwide environmental quality. Here we introduced the scientific and technologic key interests in hydrate research and the recent research proceeding as a reference to gas hydrate researchers in China, based on several program plans and projects of gas hydrate research in United State. Main research focused realms are follows: ①Establish an estimate of gas resources from methane hydrate deposits; ②Develop the technology necessary for the commercial production of methane from hydrates;③Understand and quantify the dual roles of methane hydrates in the global carbon cycle and their relationship to global climate change; and ④Respond to industry concerns regarding the safety and sea floor stability issues and pipeline plugging concerns attributed to methane hydrates which are currently associated with the exploration, production, and transportation of conventional hydrocarbons. 
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目"南海北部陆缘水合物形成和稳定分布的地化边界条件模拟"(编号:40072044);; 国家自然科学基金项目"输气管线中气体水合物形成和分解机理及其灾害防治研究"(编号:40073023)资助
【CateGory Index】: P744
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