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《Advance in Earth Sciences》 2003-06
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WANG Pinxian(Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092,China)  
During the past 15 years, the global change and Earth system sciences have been extensively developed in China, with increasingly active participation of Chinese scientists in various international programs. Currently, the major international programs are entering their new phases (e.g. IGBPII, IODP), and China is outlining its National MiddletoLong Term Plan for Science and Technology Development, providing a need to review the status of the Earth system science in China and to reconsider its future direction. Regardless of the growing number of international publications by Chinese scientists, a trend of increasing lag of the Chinese behind international Earth system sciences studies appears to remain: Many "hotspot" issues on the international frontiers have not yet been raised in China, and Chinese scientists are rarely involved in synthetic studies of international programs despite of their earlystage contributions. Consequently, the paper presents three suggestions as follows:(1) The time is ripe for Chinese Earth scientists to broaden their geographical scope and to attack scientific problems of global scale. The majority of Earth science studies in China may still focus on domestic issues, but a global view is needed when interpreting regional or local phenomena. Small groups should be encouraged to directly enter into global competition, working on oceanic or planetary issues. (2) To follow the international frontiers, China has to promote incorporation between Earth and life sciences at a molecular level. As the results of recent discovery of the "Deep Biosphere" under sea floor and of geochemical role of underground microbes, some core geoscience and bioscience concepts are being fundamentally revised. And the evolution of life is to be approached from an integration of paleontology, molecular biology, and geochemistry. (3) Chinese Earth science is to be promoted to shift from basically descriptive work to mechanism searching. We should not be satisfied with providing "raw material" export to the global science, but should be active in theoretical studies directed to key questions in the Earth system science. For this purpose, we need welldesigned problemoriented field and laboratory experiments, and hypothesistesting numerical modeling, in addition to highquality records of observations and analyses. 
【CateGory Index】: P5
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【Secondary References】
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1 PAN YongXin & ZHU RiXiang Paleomagnetism and Geochronology Laboratory,Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029,China;A review of biogeophysics:The establishment of a new discipline and recent progress[A];[C];2012
2 Chen Wang,Chen Peng,Yang Yongqian (Henan Non -ferrous Metal Geology Prospecting Institute,Zhengzhou Henan,450052);The Formation of Carboniferous Bauxite Deposits,Western Henan and the Evolution of The Earth System[A];[C];2011
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4 JIN Kezhen(Tianjin Normal University,Tianjin 300387,China);The Essence of Green Development Is Sustainability[A];[C];2011
5 ZHANG Qi Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029,China;“Blue storm”and“Red revolution”:On developing new continent tectonics theory[A];[C];2009
6 HUANG Bao-Chun,CHEN Jun-Shan,YI Zhi-Yu State Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution,Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029,China;Paleomagnetic discussion of when and where India and Asia initially collided[A];[C];2011
7 LI Liufen (Guangzhou,Sunyat-sen University Geoscience Department,Guangzhou 510275);INFECTION OF THE WATER CIRCULAR AND THE RESEARCH OF ZOOLOGY DOMINO OFFECT IN YUEBEI AREA[A];[C];2006
8 TIAN Hong-shui~1 LI Hong-kui~2 WANG Jin-guang~2 ZHANG Zeng-qi~3 GUO Guang-jun~3 1 Shandong University of Architecture and Engineering,Jinan 250014,China; 2 Shandong Institute of Geological Survey,Jinan 250013,China; 3 Shandong Institute and Laboratory of Geological Sciences,Jinan 250013,China;Study of Seismogenic Rocks in the Yishu Fault-Seism Zone and Its Vicinity[A];[C];2006
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10 Wang Denghong,Li Jiankang;Achievement and Prospect of Mineral Deposit[A];[C];2006
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