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《Advances in Earth Science》 2006-02
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The Effect of Storm Surge on Soil Salt Content of the Farm lands along the Bohai Bay in China

ZHANG Guo-ming~(1,2),GU Wei~(1,2),WU Zhi-zheng~(3),SHI Pei-jun~(1,2)(1.Institute of Disaster and Public Security,College of Resources Science and Technology,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China;2.Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disasters,Ministry of Education,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China;3.College of Geography and Remote Sensing Science,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China)  
On October 11,2003,a huge storm surge attacked the Changzhou region in the Bohai bay of China.The surge smashed the shrimp breeding fields and flooded the coastal farms.These farms were inundated for a period from 10 days to 15 days.On May 3,2004,a salinity analysis was carried out for the soil samples from the seawater-soaked farms.Result shows that these farms had all been salinized: 46% of the lands had alkali pots;the content of salts in the soil(0~90cm) had increased evidently while the salts mainly concentrated at the surface layer(0~10cm),where the salt content was as high as 1.134%;constitutes of saline ions at the 0~25cm layer also changed greatly: the Cl~(-)increased for 33.3%,while the Na~(+)and K~(+) altogether increased for 39.4%.It is found that rainfall is an effective and also primary way to desalinize these soils.Two years after the storm surge,salt content of the affected soils had dropped to around 0.265%,at which level some salt-enduring crops can be grown.
【Fund】: 国家863计划重大专项资助项目“渤海海冰资源开发与农业综合利用技术研究”(编号:2004AA2Z4020);; 国家自然科学基金重点项目“渤海海冰作为淡水资源的储量测算”(编号:40335048)资助
【CateGory Index】: S153
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