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《Advances in Earth Science》 2006-08
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A Distributed Water-Heat Coupled (DWHC) Model for Mountainous Watershed of An Inland River Basin(Ⅲ): Model Results Using the Results from MM5 Model

CHEN Ren-sheng,GAO Yan-hong,L Shi-hua,KANG Er-si,JI Xi-bin,YANG Yong(Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China)  
Using Mesoscale Model version 5(MM5) to calculate the daily precipitation,daily averaged air temperature at the 2.0m heights and daily latent heat,from Feb.11 to June 30,2003,of the Heihe mountainous river basin and its near area,with a geographical boundary of 96.786~(o)~102.284~(o)E,37.328~(o)~40.601~(o)N and an area of 17×10~(4)km~(2),which was much larger than the area of the Heihe mountainous river basin(10009 km~(2)),the DHWC model was calibrated.The spatial resolution of the MM5 is 3km,the integral timescale is of 3s,and the calculated cycle is about 10d.In the MM5 model,the Grell scheme cumulus parameterization method,the Dudhia option,the explicit moisture scheme(IMPHYS),the cloud-radiation scheme,MRS PBL option,and the modified Oregon State University Land-surface model(OSULSM) were chosen to use.According to the geographical position of the MM5 results and projection transform methods,the MM5 results were projected into Alberts coordinate,which was the coordinate of the DWHC model,and were interpolated into 1 km×1 km,using nearest and cubic methods.The results showed that,when the nearest method was used,the Nash-Sutcliffe equation value of the daily averaged runoff was of 0.79,the balance error was of-0.79%,and the R~(2) value was of 0.81.When the cubic method was used,the Nash-Sutcliffe equation value,the balance error and the R~(2) value was of(0.79,)-0.65 % and 0.80,respectively.Though the evaluation criterion values are not very high,the model results are much better than the model results using the data at the meteorological and hydrological stations,with a Nash-Sutcliffe equation value as 0.61.The model results are not very good because of the lack of the detailed soil and vegetation data.The MM5-DWHC model results also showed that the runoff production processes mainly occurred on the soil surface and in the shallow soil layers.The calibration results showed that,the MM5 results were singular to some extent.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目“内陆河流域高寒山区多年冻土活动层产流机制观测试验研究”(编号:40401012);; “长江源区冰雪水文过程及对气候变暖的响应研究”项目(编号:40301010);; 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所知识创新前沿工程项目“黑河流域交叉集成研究的模型开发和模拟环境建设”(编号:2003102);; “内陆河流域高寒山区多年冻土活动层产流机制观测试验研究”项目(编号:2004112);; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目“内陆河(黑河)水—土—气—生观测与综合研究”(编号:KZCX3-SW-329)资助
【CateGory Index】: P333.1
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