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《Advances in Earth Science》 2010-04
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The Problems of Stratigraphy and Chronology of Like-Vermicular Red Earth Formed in the Quaternary along the Coast of South China

ZHU Zhaoyu1,2,WU Yi1,3,QIU Shifan1,3,YANG Chao1,3,HUANG Ningsheng4,YANG Tian1,5,ZENG Jing1,3,ZHANG Jinlan1,3(1.Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology,Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou 510640,China;2.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology,Institute of Earth Environment,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Xi′an 710075,China;3.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China;4.Guangdong Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou 510070,China;5.School of Geography and Planning,Sun Yat-Sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China)  
Analyses of geology,geomorphology,sedimentology,geochemistry and geochronology allow us to classify the variegated clays (as one of the vermicular red earth,we may call it the "like vermicular red earth,") which had formed in different periods along the coast of South China (areas to south of the Nanling Mountains) into two types:the weathering crust of bedrock and the weathering crust of unconsolidated sediments,and identify the variegated clays in the Quaternary unconsolidated sediment sequence with 3 pedogenesis stages:the early stage,which ranges approximately from 1.8 to 1.6 Ma BP,the middle stage,approximately from 1.0 to 0.8 Ma BP,and the late stage,approximately from 0.07 to 0.01 Ma BP.Our present paper primarily focuses on the problems and differences of horizons,profile texture and geochronology between the best developed,thickest and most widely distributed variegated clays with the age of 1.0 to 0.8 Ma BP in the coastal South China and the typical reticulate red clays in the Yangtse River valley and the southwestern hill areas of China.Moreover,we suggest that some important scientific problems,such as the pedogenises laws of variegated clays and reticulate red clays,the development-evolution intensity and laws of the weathering,and their signification to indicate the geological and climatic evolution in southern parts of China,will need further research.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目“广东第四纪杂色粘土形成过程及其对重大地质—气候事件的响应”(编号:40872111);; “华南沿海表生风化作用年代学及其气候—构造意义”(编号:40672121);; 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“东亚季风变迁与长江古水文变化”(编号:2004CB720204)联合资助
【CateGory Index】: P534.63
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