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《Advances in Earth Science》 2016-12
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Landscape Reconstruction and Recreation of Damaged Land in Opencast Coal Mine: A Review

Zhang Li;Wang Jinman;Liu Tao;College of Land Science and Technology,China University of Geosciences (Beijing);Key Laboratory of Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation Ministry of Land and Resources;  
Land resources in opencast coal mine are excavated and occupied during the process of mining. Severe soil compaction resulted from heavy machinery lead to a series of consequences: vegetation cannot grow normally,loss of soil and water take place constantly,and landscape is damaged. Therefore,for the future development of reclamation and ecological restoration in opencast coal mine,it has become one major task to carry out the reconstruction of damaged landscape. According to the damage characteristics of land landscape in mining area,this paper summarized the data acquisition methods of damaged land landscape in this field,including remote sensing,GPS RTK,UAV,3D laser scanning. Fractal and landscape index methods reflecting landscape were also reviewed. Besides,landscape remodeling and reconstruction theories were concluded,which include landscape ecology,microtopography and imitated-nature landform. Base on the above mentioned,it was found out that the UAV,3D laser scanning technologies and fractal characterization method were rarely applied. In order to provide theoretical guidance and scientific basis for improving the effect of damaged landscape reconstruction and recreation in opencast coal mine,future research should be targeted on strengthening technology,deepening the fractal theory,creating landscape planning and technology system of damaged land.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目“基于多重分形理论的黄土区大型露天煤矿排土场土壤重构机理与调控模式”(编号:41271528)资助~~
【CateGory Index】: P901;X171.4
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【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
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【Co-citations】
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1 YAN Yao-fei;CHEN Hong-zhang;HAO Bing-yuan;ZHANG Peng-peng;BA De-yang;College of Mining Engineering,Taiyuan University of Technology;College of Resources and Safety Engineering,China University of Mining and Technology ( Beijing);;Study on visualized network model and network system for coal mine tunneling[J];煤炭工程;2017-06
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3 CHENG Weiming;ZHOU Chenghu;SHEN Yuancun;LIU Qiangyi;State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System,Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS;Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;;Retrospect and perspective of geomorphology researches in China over the past 40 years[J];地理学报;2017-05
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