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《ADVANCE IN EARTH SCIENCES》 1998-06
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PROGRESSES IN SOIL CARBON CYCLE RESEARCHES

CHEN Qing qiang SHEN Cheng de YI Wei xi (Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640) PENG Shao lin LI Zhi an (South China Institute of botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650)  
Soil carbon is the main part of terrestrial carbon pool, and the total amount of soil organic carbon is about 1 270 Gt C globally. Climate changes influence plant production and decomposition rate of plant debris in/on soils, which contributes to the alterations of carbon fluxes between soils and the atmosphere, and can make great impacts on concentration of atmospheric CO 2. Soil organic matter model is the only practical tool for the carbon cycle researches at ecosystem level, many kinds of which have been developed up to now. A great number of studies suggest that 14 C measurement is an important method for the research on constitution of soil organic carbon and residual times of different components, soil organic carbon is composed of a series of components with different residual times. Grain size, mineral composition and soil texture are the main characteristics of soils controlling the amount and occurring states of soil organic carbon, and exert great impacts on the turnover of soil carbon with long residual times. Studies on the amount and dynamics of soil organic carbon could provide valuable theoretical bases for the predictions about alterations of agricultural and forest ecosystems under the influences of global changes.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金 中国科学院鹤山丘陵综合试验站开放研究基金
【CateGory Index】: S153.61
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