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《Earth Science Frontiers》 2001-02
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EARTH DEGASSING, FOREST FIRE AND SEISMIC ACTIVITIES

QIANG Zu\|ji 1, DU Le\|tian 2 (1 Institute of Geology, China Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100029,China; 2 Beijing Geological Research Institute of Nuclear Industry, Beijing 100029,China)  
The earth is not only a solid body, but also a five gas\|spheric globe. When the crust of the earth is under pressure, the crust deforms and ruptures Gases (CH 4,CO,etc) underneath the crust are released. Forest fire and earthquake are caused by earth degassing. Some successful predictions of earthquake using satellite thermal infrared image (STII) are described.Since 1990,149 earthquake predictions have been made and the reports of these have been submitted to the Bureau of Seismology. Of the 149 predictions,100 are right while 49 are not. Of the right 100 ones,65 are highly accurate, including 10 M s7 earthquakes, 19 M s6 earthquakes, and 36 M s 5 earthquakes. Twenty five of the predictions have a medium level of accuracy, including 4 M s 7 earthquakes. The rest 10 have a low level of accuracy. Owing to the interference of the cloud, 49 earthquakes were neglected and 20 wrong predictions.Some interesting indication of forest fires reflected by STII are also introduced as follows. Forest fire in Arshan in the Dahingganling Mountains in Inner Mongolia was occurred between May 13 and 22,1998. Ten days prior to the forest fire, there was an semicircle area of degassing temperature increase where the forest fire occurred. Fenyang forest fire in Shanxi Province was occurred on April 3,1999, four days before it, there was an isolated\|circle degassing temperature increasing area indicated by STII on March 31,1999. Forest fired in the suburbs Fuzhou on March 28,1999,when temperature increasing anomaly along the coastal areas in Fujian Province was reflected by STII. Lanyu earthquake with magnitude 7.1 was occurred on September 6,1996. Eleven days prior to it,there was a peculiar tectonic stress thermal system with a “ε” type due to temperature increasing.
【Fund】: “8 6 3”航天领域卫星应用项目! (86 3 2 7 4 18)
【CateGory Index】: S762.3;P315
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