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《Earth Science Frontiers》 2003-01
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GREAT ACHIEVEMENTS IN GEOPHYSICS IN THE 20TH CENTURY AND DEVELOPING FRONTIERS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY

TENG Ji wen (Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China)  
The 20th century is an important historical period in the development of geophysics, in which the geophysics has obtained splendid achievement. A series of large and global projects were realized in this century. Geophysics will continue making new and great contribution to the understanding of the Earth as a whole system, and to the solution for water, natural resources, natural calamity and environment (including space environment) problems in the 21st century. The exchange of substance and energy, the coupling of different spheres and layers, and the deep dynamical process of the interior of the Earth are inexorable law in the development of the Earth system and are the essentials for deeply understanding the Earth system. The author has discussed the following three subjects: (1) the development and the strategic significance of geophysics; (2) the great achievements of geophysics in the 20th century; (3) the developing frontiers and the guide direction of geophysics in the early and middle part of the 21st century.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 ( 4 0 0 740 2 0 ) ;; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目 (KZCX2 CO9)
【CateGory Index】: P3
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