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《Earth Science Frontiers》 2003-S1
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THINKING ON THE RESEARCH OF GLOBAL TECTONICS

MA Zong-jin, DU Pin-ren, GAO Xiang-lin (Institute of Geology, China Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100029, China)  
The “plate tectonics” cannot be directly equivalent to the global tectonics, because it is based on the data from oceans on the earth. Development of earth sciences requires new thinking on the global tectonics beyond the theory of plate tectonics. Linking the boundaries of all the plates, which have the same structural and mechanical features, the structure of the earth surface can be described by three tectonic systems of global scale. They are the deep subduction tectonic system around the Pacific, the oceanic ridge tectonic system that is primarily distributed on the South Hemisphere, and the continent-continent shallow underthrusting tectonic system on the North Hemisphere. Their spatial distribution indicates that the global tectonics has a double asymmetry between the North and South Hemispheres and between the 0° and 180 °hemispheres, which are coupled through expansion and contraction. This inference is supported by the non-uniform distribution of geotherm and mantle mass of the earth. Such a pattern of global tectonics and motion can be used as the surface boundary constraint for analysis of mantle movement and dynamics. The secondary tectonics of plate interiors on the earth has two types in continents. One is characterized by basins, mountain ranges, and plateaus (high and low), of which the study is focused on their evolution and coupling relationships. The other is based on the concepts of subplates, blocks, and terrains, which form the secondary and sub-secondary tectonic units, and require the analyses of stress and strain in these blocks as well as the relative motion between them. Different study methods for these two types of tectonics are likely associated with various research purposes and times scales. It should be considered whether these two aspects can be fused into each other, and how they are joined together. The final goal of the research on interaction between layers within the earth is to establish a big system science of the earth. Because of various time scales for studies of fluid and solid portions of the earth, it is difficult to combine these studies and thus resulting in separate disciplines. However, for a series of ”micro-dynamic” behaviors of the solid earth, such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and surge along oceanic ridges, their time scales and dynamic rhythms are comparable with those of fluids of the earth. And the micro-dynamic behaviors of the solid earth have significant influences on the motion of underground fluids.
【CateGory Index】: P542
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