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《Earth Science Frontiers》 2003-S1
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SLIP RATES ALONG MAJOR ACTIVE FAULTS FROM GPS MEASUREMENTS AND CONSTRAINTS ON CONTEMPORARY CONTINENTAL TECTONICS

ZHANG Pei-zhen 1, WANG Min 1,2 , GAN Wei-jun 1, DENG Qi-dong 1 (1.State Key Laboratory of Earthquake Dynamics, Institute of Geology, CSB, Beijing 100029, China; 2. Center for Analysis and Prediction, China Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100039, China)  
Slip rates along major active faults are quantitative descriptions of Late Quaternary tectonic deformation. They offer critical constraints to the dynamic processes that control active tectonic deformation. Slip rates given by active tectonic studies are in fact long-term and average values, and those measured by GPS denote present-day rates of activity. This paper calculated slip rates across major active faults in continental China using more than 1 000 GPS stations all over China installed by the project of “Crustal Movement Observation Network of China”. We find that that slip rates measured by GPS are consistent with that determined by active tectonic studies along most of active faults. Most of active faults slip with rates of less than 10 mm/a, and none of them even reaches 20~30 mm/a. It implies that present-day tectonic deformation is neither characterized by rigid block extrusion nor confined within a few fault zones, rather is probably distributed in a wide range of several hundreds to thousands kilometers. The apparent block-like behaviors are probably patterns of deformation only in the brittle upper crust. Rheological and plastic deformation in the lower crust and mantle drives the movement in the upper crust, which shows both block movement and internal deformation. The present-day tectonics of continental China is best described as resulting from deformation of a continuous medium at depth.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点项目 (4 0 2 3 40 40 ) ;; 国家重大基础研究发展规划项目 (G19980 70 40 1)
【CateGory Index】: P542.3
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