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《Earth Science Frontiers》 2003-S1
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THE ACTIVE FAULTS IN ALTAI MOUNTAINS

SHEN Jun 1, LI Ying-zhen 1, WANG Yi-peng 2, SONG Fang-min 2 (1.Xinjiang Seismological Bureau, Urumqi 830011, China; 2.Insititute of Geology of China Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100029, China)  
The major active faults of Altai Mountains in backland of Asian continent are introduced in this paper. The major active faults in Altai Mountains are NNW trending right-lateral strike-slip fault. Hovd fault is the largest NNW trending strike slipping fault in the eastern piedmont of Altai Mountains, with the length of 700 km and right-lateral slipping rate of 6~10 mm/a, along which a Paleoearthquake rupture zone over 200 km long was found. Fuyun fault is the major strike-slipping fault in the southwestern piedmont of Altai Mountains. Its slipping rate in Mid-Late Quaternary is (4±2) mm/a. There are also some small-scale NNW trending right-lateral strike-slipping faults in the western segment of Chinese Altai Mountains. Their total slipping rate is (2±1) mm/a. In addition, there exist some relatively small NWW trending faults in the southwestern piedmont of Altai Mountains; one of them is the Erqisi fault. Its western segment at the western end of Chinese Altai Mountains has clear right lateral strike slipping nature. While, at the south end of Mongolia Altai Mountains the W-E trending faults have left lateral strike-slipping nature. At the junction between the Mongolia Altai and Gobi Altai, the predominant movement of the E-W trending faults is left lateral strike slipping. The Gobi Altai fault zone is over 1 000 km long along the Gobi Altai Mountains. The preliminary study shows that the left lateral strike-slipping rate of the fault is around 1~2 mm/a. Bogd fault is the largest fault in the Gobi Altai fault zone. An earthquake with M=8.3 occurred in 1957 along the Bogd fault, and left a 250 km long surface rupture zone in south Mongolia. The large scale, intensive movement and strong earthquake activity of the faults in Altai Mountains indicated that this region has not only been affected by the northward intruding of India plate but also has been controlled by a local geodynamic process in Mongolia.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 (4 0 2 62 0 0 2 ) ;; 地震联合基金项目 (10 3 0 5 6)
【CateGory Index】: P542.3
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