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《Earth Science Frontiers》 2005-01
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Gas hydrate,a future energy resource.

YAO Bo-chu, WU Neng-you Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey, Ministry of Land and Resources, Guangzhou 510075,China  
The gas hydrate, being a solid material, is formed from the methane and water under the high-pressure and low-temperature. Laboratory experiments showed that one cubic meter of gas hydrate could liberate 164 m~3 gases. The total resources of the gas hydrates in the world,as calculated by different methods amount to (5×10~(15 ))~ 8×10~(18) m~3, which is equal to twice of the total resources of the oil and gas, coal, and other fossil fuel in the world. At present, humankind is facing the exhaustion of fossil fuels, therefore, the scientists and world governments should focus on gas hydrate resources. Research in the South China Sea showed that gas hydrates are formed under different conditions. In the northeastern part of the South China Sea, high salinity water has flowed from Philippine Sea, resulting in high organic productivity and accumulation of organic-rich sediments.During these periods of high productivity,the rate of sedimentation was very high,thereby providing excellent conditions for the formation of gas hydrates.In addition, since the end of the Miocene, the Philippine Sea plate has collided with Asian plate in Taiwan area,resulting in the tectonic extrusion of the northeastern part of the South China Sea along a northwest direction. Because of this tectonic extrusion, fluids in the sediments were especially active, further stimulating the formation of the gas hydrate. On the basis of these analyses, we suggest that throughout the continental slope of the South China Sea conditions existed are favorable for the formation of gas hydrate. Therefore we believe that the northeastern part of the South China Sea should be rich in gas hydrate.
【CateGory Index】: P744.4
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