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《Earth Science Frontiers》 2006-03
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Review on lithospheric thickness research of the Chinese continent

AN Mei-jian,SHI Yao-linLaboratory of Computational Geodynamics,Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China  
Lithospheric thicknesses determined from different physical properties have different geodynamic significances.The effective elastic thickness of continent can correspond to only a part of the lithosphere,not to the total lithosphere.Seismic information of the lithosphere provides high resolution,but a short-time elastic effect.Thermal information of the lithosphere shows long-time effects, and therefore the thermal definition of the base of the lithosphere is better than the definition using other information.A seismic-thermal definition of the base of the lithosphere uses temperature from inverted seismic velocities,and thus has advantages of thermal and seismic definitions,and provides a more reasonable estimate of lithosphere thickness.The distribution of the seismic-thermal lithosphere thickness within the Chinese continent is very complex and shows the following properties:(1) eastern China,including the northeast China,the Sino-Korean craton,the east Yangtze craton and the south China orogen,has thin lithosphere with a thickness of ~100 km;(2) the lithospheric bases of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau and south to the Tarim craton are at a depth range of about 160~220 km and show strong lateral variation;(3) the lithospheric thicknesses of three large China cratons are different,e.g.,~170 km for the core of the Yangtze,~140 km for the Tarim,and ~100 km for the Sino-Korean;(4) the variations in lithospheric thickness do not show obvious correlation with crustal geologic age,but do show dependence on tectonic settings.
【Fund】: 中国博士后科学基金资助项目(2005038118);; 国家自然科学基金资助项目(40234042 40374038);; 中国科学院创新基金资助项目(KZCX3-SW-138)
【CateGory Index】: P313
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