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《EARTH SCIENCE FRONTIERS》 1996-04
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INVESTIGATION OF FLUID ORE FORMING SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES

Jia Yueming(China Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources Information, Beijing, 100037)  
For almost all classes types of metallic mineral deposits, their forming processes are closely related to the activationg and original leaching of the metals from a source rock, the transport of ore forming materials and the precipitation and concentration of metals to form ore. They are mainly carried out by the flow and processes of various aqueous fluids. For this reason, to identify the sources of metals and fluids, to trace the pathways by which the fluids carried the metals to their final depositional sites, and to search a wide range of physical, chemical and temporal changes occurred to both metals and fluids along their transport channel ways and the specific nature of different changes, can offer valuable quantitative information on ore formations available for the assessing and exploring of mineral deposits. In the fact, source transport deposit ( accumulation) processes of ore forming fluids may be recorded as fluid ore forming systems. A more complete understanding of fluid ore forming systems and processes will be gained by investigation into both active and fossil systems. Active fluid ore forming systems are those in which primary ore transport is currently underway, such as the black smoker, the Red Sea, Salton Sea brines of USA and Tengchong hot springs of Yunnan, China. Investigating into these systems will allow ore carrying fluids to be sampled from and monitor in their actual pathways. Fossil ore forming systems contain the hydrothermal vein group of all ages from goldquartz to lead zinc vein systems and so called stratabound ore deposits such as well known SEDEX and MVT type base metal deposits. Extensive petrological, chemical, fluid inclusion and isotope work on ore minerals and rocks in these systems will provide critical data for quantitatively assessing and predicting of the distributions and changes of mineralized depostis. There are several major characters such as the directive, relative and indicative changes of various geological features within a fluid ore forming system.
【CateGory Index】: P611
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