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《Groundwater》 2003-04
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Sustainable Utilization of Water Resources in The Eastern Part of The North China Plain

Fang Sheng~1,Chen Xiuling~1,Th.M.Boers~2 (1.Water Conservancy Science Institute of He Bei Province Shijiazhuang 050051 Holland International Soil Amendment Institute)  
The eastern part of North China Plain is short of water resources, the deep groundwater had been overdrawn seriously and the eco-environment had deteriorated. For sustainable utilization of water resources, development of systems of well irrigation with well drainage and canal irrigation with ditch drainage was needed. A program for the exploitation and utilization of local shallow groundwater including brackish water and saline water as the major water source was developed along with the diversion of available surface water as the supplementary water source. Groundwater was regulated according to the critical dynamics of groundwater depth as the core and the stratum space of soil and phreatic aquifer was used as the underground reservoir for regulating atmospheric water, soil water, groundwater and surface water. This practice transformed a maximum the natural rainfall unevenly distributed in time and space into sustainable utilized water resources. This paper describes the steps taken and the resulting effects on soil salinity control and crop production that occurred over a period of years in the North China Plain.
【CateGory Index】: TV213.4
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