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《Journal of First Military Medical University》 2003-12
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Detection of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in treated syphilis patients with persistent positivity for rapid plasma reagin

YANG Ri-dong, CHENG Jun-ping, TIAN Guang-nan, CAI Chuan-chuan, ZHANG Wen-jun, LIN Shi-ying, CHENZhan-lin, LIANG Mu-lan Guangzhou Institute of Dermatology and Venerology, Guangzhou 510095, China  
Objective To observe the changes in peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in patients with latent syphilis aftertreatment, who had persistent positive results of test for rapid plasma reagin (RPR) and remained infectious. Methods T-lymphocyte subsets and natural killer (NK) cells in peripheral blood were measured with flow cytometry (FCM) in these 43patients and 30 normal subjects served as controls. Results Peripheral blood CD3, CD4 and NK cells exhibited no signifi-cant difference between the latent patients and the controls (P0.05), but CD8 cells were higher in these patients (P0.05).The treated patients with persistent positive RPR within two years had elevated levels of CD3, CD4 and CD8 lymphocytes (P0.05), but NK cells appeared to be lowered (P0.05); in patients with positive RPR for over two years, CD3, CD4 andNK cells were comparable with those in the controls (P0.05), but CD8 cells was elevated (P0.05). Patients with RPRpositivity within two years had higher CD3 and CD4 lymphocytes, but lower NK cells in comparison with the patients withmore than two years' of positivity (P0.05); CD8 cells were comparable between the two groups (P0.05). Conclusions Cellular immunity imbalance and immune suppression can be present in treated syphilis patients with persistent positiveRPR and the risk to transmission, which may lower the host ability to resist and clear Treponema pallidum and is associatedwith the difficulty in treating syphilis patients and the persistence of positive RPR even after treatment.
【Fund】: 广州市科委重点攻关项目(99-Z-105)~~
【CateGory Index】: R446.6
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