Progress on Immunological Mechanism in Mollusks
DU Li1, ZHANG Wei1,2 , LU Kui1 , WANG Feng-yang1, WANG Ai-min3(1.College of Agriculture,Hainan University,Haikou,Hainan,570228,China;2.College of Life Science ,Huazhong Normal University,Wuhan,Hubei,430079,China;3.College of Oceannology,Hainan University,Haikou,Hainan,570228,China)
This paper mainly reviewed the progress on immunological mechanism in Mollusks.Haemocyte phagocytosis represents the main aspects of the entire cellular immunity in mollusk. The humoral factors constituted by lgsosomal enzymes,agglutinius,antimicrobial peptides participate in mollusks's immunity. through the killing of bacteria, promoting phagocytosis and other ways.The molecules such as opioid peptides,cytokines,protein kinase(PK) and so on are chemical mediators which mediate immunce signal trausfer in immune defeuse.The research on such mediators became a new hot field in recent years.The immune system of mollusks is susceptive to the environmental factors. Mollusk' immune system represent a simplified model for the studies on ecological immunology of other aimals,given its easy extraction.Researchers try to immprove the immunity of mollusks in mordern-culture industry.