Problem about Equity and Efficiency in the South Water to North Project
LI?Xue song(Regional Development Academy, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China)
Sustainable development aims at not only satisfying the needs of contemporary human beings, but also not damaging the development ability of our descendant. One of the contents of the sustainable development is about equity and efficiency. The traditional equity and efficiency are localized in the system of economy. However the equity in the sustainable development is the unification of equity in the same era and different era. The efficiency in the sustainable development is the unification of economic efficiency and ecological efficiency and social efficiency. The complexion of water resource of China especially in north China is very austere, the distribution, exploitation and utilization of water resource can not be achieved equitably and efficiently. The south water to north project deploys water resource in reason and realizes equity and efficiency in sustainable use of water resource. Several countermeasure and advice about the south water to north project are put forward.