Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Earth and Environment》 2012-01
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

The Application of Biochar to Improving Agricultural Production and Pollution Abatement

YANG Fang1,2,LEE Xin-qing1,WANG Bing1, CHENG Jian-zhong1(1.The State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry,Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guiyang 550002,China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China)  
As an important carbon sequestration,soil amendment and efficient pollutant absorbent,biochar has attracted extensive interests of many scientists.Based on literatures about the effects on improving agricultural production and pollution abatement in recent years,we summarized some regulations and put forward some prospects of future research.The statements are presented as follows.Firstly,biochar exhibits a large internal surface area and a high degree of porosity;added biochar could enhance soil water holding capacity and the ability of soils to retain cations in a plant-available form,assist in the retention of elements in soil and improve soil structure.In addition,the biochar has abundant nutrient elements and provides a slow release source of nutrient elements.Therefore,application of biochar can improve soil fertility and increase crop yield.Secondly,the huge adsorbable ability of biochar could reduce activity of heavy metals and organic pollutants in the soil and sewage,playing a role in reducing the concentrations of pollutants.Therefore,biochar has huge potential in increasing crop production and reducing the concentration of the pollutants.Up to now,however,many mechanisms of biochar are not yet understood well enough.More researches are needs to be carried out to investigate the characteristics of different kinds of biochar and the inner chemical and structural changes in the process of pyrolysis.Besides,more field plots should be made to explore the advantages and disadvantages of biochar.Consequently,researchers should try their best to use local main animal and plant wastes to produce biochar to increase crop production and reduce the concentrations of the pollutants in combination with local circumstances.Thirdly,more long-term experiments should be conducted to find biochar and production conditions suitable for local application.In addition,research on the application of biochar in remote and poor soil areas,such as Tibet and Sinkiang,should be enhanced,making the local soil be used better,so as to improve the livelyhood of the local people.Finally,the local government and related departments should increase support to the biochar research program,making biochar be widely used and become more benefit to local people.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41021062和40872212);; 贵州省农业攻关计划项目(黔科合NY字[2011]3079号);; 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA05070400);; 院地合作项目资助
【CateGory Index】: S143;X712;X53
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 3 Hits
1 ZHANG Zhong-he et al (Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy of Ministry of Agriculture,Henan Agricultural University,Zhengzhou,Henan 450002);Study on the Applications of Biocharcoal in Agriculture[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2010-22
2 Wang Xin, Zhou Qi-xing(Laboratory of Ecological Process of Trace Substance in Terrestrial Ecosystem, Institute of Applied Ecology , Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 , China);The ecological process,effect and remediation of heavy metals contaminated soil[J];Ecologic Science;2004-03
3 He Xusheng 1,Zhang Shuqing 2,She Diao 1,Geng Zengchao 1,Gao Haiying 1 (1 Environment and Resources College,Northwest A & F University,Yangling Shaanxi 712100;2 Institute of Agriculture Resources and Regional Planning,CAAS,Beijing 100081);Effects of Biochar on Soil and Fertilizer and Future Research[J];Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin;2011-15
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHU Shu-fa et al(School of Chemical Engineering,Henan University of Science and Technology,Luoyang,Henan 471003);Correlation of the Heavy Metal Content in Soil and Vegetable from Luoyang Suburban Vegetable Field[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2008-03
2 AN Xin-long et al(College of Ocean,Hebei Agricultural University,Qinhuangdao,Hebei 066003);Study on Pollution Ecological Degradation and Ecological Rehabilitation[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2008-32
3 Zhao Meiwei1,Ta Li1,Li Ping2(1.Enuironmenmental Management College of China,Qinhuangdao 066004,China;2.Shanxi University,Taiyuan 030006,China);Research on Heavy Metal Pollution to Soil and Countermeasures on Prevention and Restoration[J];Environmental Science and Management;2007-06
4 Kou Yonggang,Fu Xiaoyong,Hou Peiqiang,Zhan Zongcheng,Bai Wei,Yao Yi(School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering of Lanzhou Jiaotong University,Lanzhou 730070,China);The Study of Lead Accumulation of Earthworm in Lead Pollution Soil[J];Environmental Science and Management;2008-01
5 Guan Ming1,Pei Li1,Guo Shuiliang1,Sheng Guohui2(1.College of Life and Environmental Sciences,Shanghai Normal University 200234,China; 2.Agricultural Environmental Protection Research Institute, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Shanghai 201106,China);On Bioaccumulation and Endurance of Leersia Japonica to Chromium[J];Environmental Science and Management;2010-03
6 DENG Wan-gang1,2,WU Peng-bao1,ZHAO Qing-hui1,QI Zhi-ping2,WU Wei-dong1(1.Hainan University,Key Laboratory of Protection and Development Utilization of Tropical Crop Germplasm Resources,Ministry of Education, Haikou,Hainan Province 570228,China;2.Tropical Crops Genetic Resources Institute,CATAS,Danzhou,Hainan Province 571737,China);The Effect of Biochar on Grass Yield and Quality[J];Acta Agrestia Sinica;2010-06
7 LIU Lei,et al.(Faculty of Water Conservancy & EnvironmentEngineering,Changchun Instituteof Technology,Changchun 130012,China);Advance in the study on recovery and remediation of heavy metals pollution in soil[J];Journal of Changchun Institute of Technology(Natural Sciences Edition);2009-03
8 LV Yihe, CHEN Liding, FU Bojie (State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China);Analysis of the Integrating Approach on Landscape Pattern and Ecological Processes[J];Progress in Geography;2007-03
9 YAO Yunlong1,2,LV Xianguo1,TONG Shouzheng1(1.Northeast Institute of Geography and Agriculture Ecology,CAS,Changchun 130012,China;2.Graduate School,CAS,Beijing 10019,China);The Theory and Application of Landscape Sensitivity[J];Progress in Geography;2007-05
10 QIU Jing,GAO Ren,YANG Yu-sheng,YIN Yun-feng,MA Hong-liang,LI You-fang(1.School of Geographical Sciences,Fujian Normal University,350007,Fuzhou,China; 2.Fujian Key Laboratory of Subtropical Resources and Environment,350007,Fuzhou,China);Advances on Research of Black Carbon in Soil[J];Journal of Subtropical Resources and Environment;2009-01
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 ZHAO Ming,CAI Kui,WANG Wen-jiao,ZHAO Zheng-yu,CHEN Jian-mei (Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Qingdao 266100,China);Effects of Fertilization on Soil Available Heavy Metal Content and Biological Effects in Greenhouse[A];[C];2009
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 XIAO Lie et al (Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy of Ministry of Agriculture,Henan Agricultural University,Zhengzhou,Henan 450002);Development and Application Status of the Biomass Pyrolysis Technology at Home and Abroad[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2008-36
2 QIU Jing,GAO Ren,YANG Yu-sheng,YIN Yun-feng,MA Hong-liang,LI You-fang(1.School of Geographical Sciences,Fujian Normal University,350007,Fuzhou,China; 2.Fujian Key Laboratory of Subtropical Resources and Environment,350007,Fuzhou,China);Advances on Research of Black Carbon in Soil[J];Journal of Subtropical Resources and Environment;2009-01
3 ZHONG Xue-mei,ZHU Yi-nian,LIU Jie,JI Rui-lin(Department of Resources and Environmental Engineering,Guilin Universityof Technology,Guilin 541004,China);Comparison of nitrogen utilization of bamboo charcoal coated fertilizers[J];Journal of Guilin University of Technology;2006-03
4 WU Ceng,YAN Yong-jie,LI Ting-chen,QI We(Department of Energy Chemical Engineering,East China University of Science and Technology,Shanghai 200237,China);Preparation of Hydrogen through Catalytic Steam Reforming of Bio-oil[J];The Chinese Journal of Process Engineering;2007-06
5 ;Rem oved Technology of Heavy Metal Pollution in Soil[J];Environmental Protection;2002-06
6 Wan Yunbing Qiu Rongliang Chen Zhiliang Zhang Jingshu (Department of Environmental Science, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275)$$$$;On efficient improvement of phytoextraction of heavy metals from contaminated soil[J];Technigues and Equipment For Enviro.poll.cont;2002-04
7 Yang Chongjic (Department of Environmental Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing);Transport and Transformation of Some Heavy Metals in Soil and Research of Their Adsorp-tion Mechanism[J];Environmental Science;1989-03
8 Zhang Yixian(Department of Life Science, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006);TOXICITY OF HEAVY METALS TO HORDEUM VULGARE[J];ACTA SCIENTIAE CIRCUMSTANTIAE;1997-02
9 YUAN Zhen-hong, L(?) Peng-mei, KONG Xiao-ying (Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640,China);Present Status and Prospect of Exploitation and Application of Biomass Energy[J];Biomass Chemical Engineering;2006-S1
10 LIU Zhi-kun,YE Li-jia(Zhejiang Forestry University,College of Engineering,Lin′an 311300,China);Preparation and Performance Measurement of Biomass Charcoal Materials[J];Biomass Chemical Engineering;2007-05
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved