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《Earth and Environment》 2014-02
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Rainfall-runoff Response Characteristic Analysis of Chenqi Karst Watershed in Southern China

ZHENG Xue;CHEN Xi;ZHANG Zhi-cai;State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering,Hohai University;College of Hydrology and Water Resources,Hohai University;  
The study is implemented in a small watershed of Chenqi within Puding Country,Guizhou Provence.The spring discharge in basin export responses to rainfall can be quantitatively analyzed by using the correlation analysis and spectra analysis methods.The result showed that:the rainfall-runoff response time lags could be classified into three kinds:short-time response,medium-time response and long-time response.The time lag of short-time response of spring discharge to the rainfall was 2 ~ 4 h.The time lag of medium-time response was 47 ~ 49 h.The time lag of medium-time response was 176 ~ 290 h.Combined with the field hydrogeological investigation and experiment,contrasted with response characteristics to rainfall of two springs in upper slope and foot of the slope,the influencing mechanism of hydrogeological condition on rainfall-runoff response characteristics was analyzed.The related hydrogeological conditions include epikarst zone thickness and multiple fracture permeability.The epikarst zone thickness is thinner,and the surface fracture is more developed in upper slope,resulting in that rainfall-runoff response is faster,and the three kinds of time lags are all smaller than other areas in the whole watershed.
【Fund】: 国家自然科技基金项目(41101018 40930635 51079038)
【CateGory Index】: P641
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