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《Seismology and Geology》 1988-04
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ANALYSIS ON THE 1976 TANGSHAN EARTHQUAKE PROCESS

Song Hui-zhen and Yuan Yan-guang(Institute of Geology, State Seismological Bureau, Beijing')Huang Li-ren(Geodetic Brigade, State Seismological Bureau, Tianjin)Hua xiang-wen(Center for Analysis .and Prediction, State Seismological Bureau)  
A discrete crack model for the strain accumulation of the Tangshan rhombic block, as well as slip and stable extension of the earthquake fault prior to and during the 1976 Tangshan earthquake, is presented. It includes two processes: frictional slip along the crack surface and stable extension of the crack tips. The Finite Element Technique is used to calculate stress and deformation along the crack surface and stress intensity factors at the crack tips, and the Mohr-Coulomb principle is applied to judge the existence of frictional slip along the crack surfaces, while the extension direction of the crack is determined by using the maximum circumferential tensile stress criterion. The similarity between the data predicted by the model and those obtained from field observation indicates that the crack model has successfully simulated the process of strain accumulation and fracture propagation prior to and during the Tangshan earthquake.
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