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《Seismology and Geology》 2000-S1
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PALEOCLIMATIC AND PALEOMONSOONAL VARIATIONS IN CENTRAL CHINA RECORDED BY STABLE ISOTOPIC RECORDS OF STALAGMITES FROM BUDDHA CAVE,SOUTH SHAANXI

Hong-Chun Li Teh-Lung Ku Dorte Paulsen (Department of Earth Sciences, University of Southern California, CA 90089-0740, USA)Wang Fei Chen Wenji Yin Gongming (Institute of Geology, China Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100029)Hai Cheng\ R. Lawrence Ed  
Two stalagmites were collected from Buddha Cave (109°10′E, 33°45′N), Zashui county of Shaanxi Province. The chronologies of these stalagmites were determined by lamination counting and by the 210Pb and 230Th (TIMS) methods. From the young stalagmite SF we have obtained a high-resolution δ 18O-δ 13C record spanning the past 750 years and a low-resolution record over the Holocene. The preliminary results of the old stalagmite SFL show the climatic variations between 80 ka and 330 ka. The δ 18O records of the stalagmites reflect changes in local precipitation on decadal or shorter scales, but register mainly air temperature variations on longer terms. The δ 13C variations in the stalagmites have recorded the long-term δ 13C variations of the local soil CO 2, which chiefly reflect changes in the C3 vs. C4 plant populations under climatic influences. When both the δ 18O and δ 13C increase, climatic conditions become warm and dry; and vice versa.But if the δ 18O increases and the δ 13C decreases, the climatic conditions may turn to warm and wet, indicating a prevailing of the summer monsoon in China. A combination of decreasing δ 18O and increasing δ 13C may represent cold and dry climatic condition that has characteristics of the winter monsoon. The high-resolution δ 18O-δ 13C record shows three major climatic intervals during the past 750 years: a warm-moderately dry between 1 250 and 1 510 AD, cold-wet between 1 520 and 1 820 AD, and warm since 1820 AD. They correspond to the Medieval Warm Period, the Little Ice Age, and the global warming trend, respectively. For the Holocene low-resolution record, we have identified 18 climatic divisions. Among them, a 1 000 yr wet-moderately warm period existed between 8 500 and 7 500 a, reflecting a strengthening of summer monsoon during early Holocene. Around 4 000 a, the climate shifted from lower-than-average temperature to higher-than-average temperature. Between 4 000 a and 3 000 a, the climatic conditions were dry and warm. Wet and cool climates occurred between 2 000 a and 1 000 a. The temperature variations reconstructed by our preliminary results of SFL on glacial-interglacial time scales agree very well with the marine oxygen isotopic stages (MOIS). During the interglacial of MOIS 9, climates were warm and wet, and the stalagmite grew very fast. During the glacial periods of MOIS 6 and 8, climates were cold and probably wet, and growth hiatus might have existed under the cold condition. The stalagmite grew very slowly during the interglacial of MOIS 7, resulting from very dry and warm climates reflected by the heavy δ 18O and δ 13C values. Within the last interglacial period (MOIS 5), warm-dry conditions prevailed during 5e, 5c and 5a and cold-wet conditions during 5d and 5b.
【Fund】: 美国自然科学基金!(NSFATM - 98184 0 7)
【CateGory Index】: P532
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