Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Seismology and Geology》 2002-03
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

PRELIMINARY STUDY OF EARTHQUAKE-INDUCED URBAN FIRE SPREADING- A CASE STUDY IN FUZHOU CITY, FUJIAN PROVINCE

XU Jian dong 1) WANG Xin ru 2) LIN Chien te 3) ZHANG Ning 1) 1) Institute of Geology, China Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100029, China 2) Department of Geography, Beijing 25 th High School, Beijing 100006, China 3  
In the light of traditional fire spreading theory, we develop an Arcview/GIS based visual model to simulate the spreading process of urban earthquake induced fire. The basic constitutional law is from traditional equation: ρv 0 Δ H=Q , in which ρ = density of combustible material; v 0 = fire spreading velocity;Δ H = entropy increment from initial temperature T 0 to final temperature T i for unit mass; Q = fire thermal velocity. There are also three other factors involved in this model: 1) seasonal dominant wind direction; 2) possible explosive site; 3) results of seismic vulnerability evaluation. Basing on the previous studies of the relation between damage degree and induced fire probability, we calculate the possible number of fire events under different seismic hazards (seismic intensity of ⅩⅠ, ⅩⅡ, ⅩⅢ, and Ⅸ). If the hazard vulnerability analysis indicates that the buildings have "no major damage", then the fire probability is taken as the annual average numbers of normal fire. The width of the fire lane is determined in accordance to the specific case of Fuzhou City as follows: 13m for distance between high storied buildings; 9m for distance between high storied building and 1 st class or 2 nd class private house; 11m for distance between high storied building and 3 rd class or 4 th class private house. Taking Fuzhou City as an example, we propose a method to classify the types of building combustibility based on different constructions of the buildings, and realize the visual and dynamic computer simulation under different damage conditions caused by earthquake. Under consideration of possible fire source, wind direction, wind speed, and spatial distribution of combustible materials, this model can be utilized to estimate the fire extent and damage degree at a specific time after induced fire caused by a strong earthquake, and is useful for economic loss assessment and hazard mitigation decision making. In normal times, this model can also be used as a tool to provide valuable information for the study of urban fire spreading, and for urban firefighting countermeasures.
【Fund】: 中国地震局“九五”项目 (95 0 6 0 2F);; 福州市人民政府共同资助
【CateGory Index】: X43
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 HUANG Shimin1,NI Yongjun2,FENG Zhiqiang3,FU Shengcong1,JIANG Jingbei1(1.Institute of Earthquake Engineering,China Academy of Building Research,Beijing 100013,China;2.Research Center of Urban Rapid Rail Transit,Beijing Jiaotong University,Beijing 100044,China;3.Wanjiazhai Administer Bureau for Importing Yellow River,Taiyuan 030012,China);A state-of-the-art for application and research of GIS in native urban earthquake prevention and disaster mitigation[J];Sichuan Building Science;2007-S1
2 GUO Yan,HAN Shao-xin (Earthquake Administration of Liaoning Province,Liaoning Shenyang 110034);REALIZATION OF MAP X-BASED EARTHQUAKE SECONDARY FIRE SPREAD MODEL[J];Seismological Research of Northeast China;2007-02
3 Xie Xuyang~1 Ren Aizhu~2 1.China Academy of Safety Science and Technology,Beijing 100029,China; 2.Institute of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100083,China;Dynamic Simulation of Fire Following Earthquake Based on GIS[J];Engineering Sciences;2007-08
4 XIE Xu-yang1 REN Ai-zhu2 LIU Tie-ming1 ZHANG Xing-kai1 (1 China Academy of Safety Science and Technology , 100029,Beijing)(2 Institute of Engineering Disaster Prevention and Mitigation , Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University , 100084 , Beijing);The Forecast of Post-earthquake Fire Spot Based on GIS[J];China Occupational Safety and Health Management System Certification;2005-01
5 MENG Xiao-jing,YANG Li-zhong State Key Lab.of Fire Sci.,Univ.of Sci.and Tech.of China,Hefei 230026,China;Simulation of effect of city hazards on post-earthquake fire[J];Journal of Thermal Science and Technology;2009-01
6 GAO Jie FENG Qi-min MO Shan-jun(Engineering College, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266071,China);Research on the general program of urban earthquake disaster evaluation and its information management[J];World Information On Earthquake Engineering;2005-01
7 XIE Xu-yang,REN Ai-zhu (Institute of Engineering Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, Tsinghu a University, Beijing 100084,China);The simulation system of city fire spreading induced by earthq uake[J];Fire Science and Technology;2003-06
8 XIE Xu-yang,Senior Engineer LIU Tie-min,Prof. ZHANG Xing-kai,Prof. (National Center of Safety Science & Technology, State Administration of Work Safety) REN Ai-zhu,Prof. (Institute of Engineering Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, Civil Engineering College, Tsinghua University);Risk Simulation of Building Fire Following Earthquake Based on GIS[J];China Safety Science Journal;2004-12
9 XIE Xu-yang 1,Senior Engineer REN Ai-zhu 2,Prof. LIU Tie-ming 1,Prof. ZHANG Xing-kai 1,Prof. (1 China Academy of Safety Science & Technology 2 Institute of Disaster Prevention & Mitigation Engineering, Civil Engineering College, Tsinghua University) Classification and code of disciplines: 620.1030;Simulation of Post-earthquake Fire Spreading Area Based on GIS[J];China Safety Science Journal;2005-05
10 ZHAO Si-jian~(1),REN Ai-zhu~(2),XIONG Li-ya~(1)(1.Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China;2.Institute of Engineering Disaster Prevention and Mitigation,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China);Review of studies on urban post-earthquake fires[J];Journal of Natural Disasters;2006-02
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 XIE Xu-yang,REN Ai-zhu (Institute of Engineering Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China);The spread simulation system of fire eollowing earthquake in city[A];[C];2003
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 Jiang Fenghui;Shen Caikang;Chen Yuming Fan Weicheng;Ge Fei;Min Mingbao;An Experimental Investigation of Fire Smoke Properties in Double Room[J];FIRE SAFETY SCIENCE;1996-01
2 LIU Zhao, CHEN Jin, ZHANG Yuanzhi (Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084);Urban fire informaation management and analysis system based on GIS[J];JOURNAL OF CATASTROPHOLOGY;2000-01
3 ZHU Huang -wu; ZHU Ji-ping; XIE Qing-sheng;LIN Qi-zhao; WANG Qing-an; LI Yi-jun; ZHA De-min(.GIS Center of Anhui Province,Hefei 230001,China; .State Key Laboratory of Fire Science,USTC,Hefei 230026,China;.Scenic Spot District Commission of Qiyunshan Mountain Area Hefei 230001,China);A DECISION MAKING SYSTEM BASED ONGIS FOR FOREST FIREFIGHTING[J];Journal of Natural Disasters;1999-01
4 Yuan Liming Fan Weicheng (State Key Lab.of Fire Science,University of Science and Techmology of China,Hefei) .;THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF HOT SMOKE LAYER DEVELOPMENT IN LARGE SPACE BUILDING FIRES[J];JOURNAL OF NATURAL DISASTERS;1998-01
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 ZHANG Xing-kai~1, LI Biao~2 (1 National Center for Safety Science and Technology, Beijing 100029, China; 2 Department of Safety Engineering, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin 150040, China);On database design for city's public safety planning[J];Journal of Safety and Environment;2004-03
2 XU Zhi-sheng, FENG Kai, XU Liang, FENG Chun-ying( Disaster Prevention Science and Safety Technology Institute, Central South University, Changsha 410075, China);Study on emergency decision support system of urban community safety based on GIS[J];Journal of Safety and Environment;2004-06
3 TONG Lin xu;An introduction to Underground Space (Part 3)[J];Underground Space;2004-03
4 LI Xiao-hong1 , WANG Hong-tu1 , YANG Chun-he2 , JIAJian-qing1 , HU Guo-zhong1(1.Key Lab for the Exploitation of Southwestern Resources & the Environmental Hazard Control Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing, 400044;2.Wuhan Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Wuhan 430071);Discussion about Development and Utilization of Underground Space In Mountain City[J];;2005-03
5 ZHU Da-ming(The Third Engineer Scientific Research Institute of the General Staff,Luoyang,Henan 471023,P.R.China);On Mechanism of Interrelation between Urban Underground Building Functions[J];Chinese Journal of Underground Space and Engineering;2006-05
6 Qian Qihu;Subtainable Development of the Cities and the Development and Utilization of UndergroundSpace[J];UNDERGROUND SPACE;1998-02
7 Yu Deming (Changsha Railway University, Changsha, 410075)Feng Changgen; Xu Zhisheng(Beijing Institute of Technology) (Changsha Railway University)Zeng Qingxuan; Guo Xinya(Beijing Institute of Technology);THE INJURY EFFECTS OF BLAST WAVES, THERMAL RADIATION AND THE COLLAPSE OF BUILDINGS PRODUCED BY EXPLOSIVE EXPLOSION ACCIDENTS[J];Acta Armamentarii;1998-01
8 Wan Suchun; Wang Chunmei (Department of Architecture, Beijing Polytechnic University, 100022);The Exploitation of the Underground Space of Beijing[J];JOURNAL OF BEIJING POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY;1995-02
9 Tang Xiaoyan;Meng Xianyu;Ge Hongli;Yi Haoruo;Yang Xiaofeng.School of Resources and Environment,Beijing For. Univ. ,100083,P. R. China.;Research on forest fire spreading simulation based on raster structure and its realization.[J];Journal of Beijing Forestry University;2003-01
10 Pan Yaozhong (Insitute of Resource Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Open Research Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster of National Education Committee, 100875, Beijing, China);RESEARCH ON THE BASIC UNIT OF REGIONAL NATURAL DISASTER SYSTEM (Ⅲ)──COMPREHENSIVE REGIONALIZATION DISTRIBUTION OF AGRICULTURAL NATURAL DISASTERS IN HUNAN PROVINCE[J];JOURNAL OF BEIJING NORMAL UNIVERSITY(NATURAL SCIENCE);1998-03
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 Feng Kai, Xu Zhisheng, Wang Li (School of Civil Engineering & Architecture, Central South University, Changsha 410075);Study on the Visualization of Urban Community Safety Special Han Based on the Traffic[A];[C];2005
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 CAO Jian-cheng ,ZHAO Shao-bing (Shaanxi Provincial Geomatics Center,Xi’an 710054,China);The Design and Realization of Shanxi Provincial Geomatics Assistant System for Earthquake Relieve Work[J];Geomatics World;2008-06
2 SU Jingyu; MA Donghui; WANG Zhitao;ON ESTABLISHING URBAN-RURAL DISASTER PREVENTION SYSTEM[J];City Planning Review;2008-09
3 ;TO IMPROVE THE ABILITY OF CITY DISASTER PREVENTION FROM EXPERIENCES AND LESSONS[J];Urban Environment Design;2008-04
4 GUAN You-hai,WANG Su-zhen (College of Management,Qingdao Technological University,Qingdao 266520,China);Design and development of the Qingdao earthquake emergency command decision support software[J];Earthquake;2007-01
5 Wang Zhi-tao,Su Jing-yu,Ma Dong-hui,Guo Xiao-dong,Wang Wei(Institute of Earthquake Engineering,Beijing University of Technology,Beijing 100124,China);Research of the Layout of Seismic Disaster-prevention Space Treating City as An Object[J];Earthquake Resistant Engineering and Retrofitting;2009-04
6 WANG Wei-yong1,LI Guo-qiang2,3,LI Da-hua4(1.School of Civil Engineering,Chongqing University,Chongqing 400030,China;2.School of Civil Engineering,Tongji University,Shanghai 200092,China;3.State Key Lab for Disaster Reduction in Civil Engineering,Tongji University,Shanghai 200092,China;4.Chongqing Taihao Investment consulting Co.Ltd.,Chongqing 400020,China);Interlaminar stress between fire retardant coating and steel plate[J];Journal of Guangxi University(Natural Science Edition);2009-04
7 CONG Peitong1,CHEN CUNEN1,BO Jingshan2 (1. College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering,South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China; 2. Institute of Engineering Mechanics, CEA, Harbin 150080, China);Scenarios Analysis on Earthquake Emergency Preparedness Plans for Daqing Oilfield[J];South China Journal of Seismology;2007-02
8 CHEN Zhuo1,SHE Lian2(1.Xinhua School of Banking and Insurance,Zhongnan University of Economics and Law,Wuhan 430073,China;2.College of Public Administration,Huazhong University of Science and Technology,Wuhan 430074,China);Research on City Vulnerability to Safe Development——Based on an Angle of Underground Space Utilization[J];Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology(Social Science Edition);2009-01
9 XIE Xu-yang1 REN Ai-zhu2 LIU Tie-ming1 ZHANG Xing-kai1 (1 China Academy of Safety Science and Technology , 100029,Beijing)(2 Institute of Engineering Disaster Prevention and Mitigation , Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University , 100084 , Beijing);The Forecast of Post-earthquake Fire Spot Based on GIS[J];China Occupational Safety and Health Management System Certification;2005-01
10 JIANG Yun-zhao1, ZHU Wan-hong1, QIU Guo-qing1, LIU Ming-he2(Engineering Institute of Engineering Corps, PLA Univ. of Sci. & Tech., Nanjing 210007, China)(2. Engineering Institute of CAPF, Xi'an 710086, China);Study of evacuation under the condition of the seismic secondary disasters[J];Journal of Safety Science and Technology;2008-01
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 FENG Kai1,2,HUANG Hao1,XU Zhi-sheng3 (1. Foshan Fire bureau, Foshan528000, China;2. Disaster Prevention Science and Safety Technology Institute, CSU, Changsha 410075, China;3.State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, USTC, Hefei230027, China);Study on key problems and countermeasures of fire-fighting safety plan in rural area[A];[C];2008
2 Jie Gao~1 Hui-Ying Gao~2 Hao-Ran Ma~1 Yi Wu~2 1 Environmental Science and Engineering College, China Ocean University, Qingdao 266100 2 Civil Engineering College, China Ocean University, Qingdao 266100;Research on Emergency Response System for Urban Earthquake[A];[C];2007
3 JIA Jing~1 GAO Huiying~2 WANG Xuegang~3 SUN Zheng~1 ~1Environmental Science and Engineering College,Ocean University of China,Qingdao,266100 ~2Engineering College,Ocean University of China,Qingdao,266100 ~3Shandong Yuanchuang Architectural Design & Associates,Qingdao,266071;Seismic Disaster Information Emergency Command System[A];[C];2007
4 Feng De-hong~(1,2) Lei Bang-jun~2 Dong Fang-min~2 Huang Yue-hua~2 (1.Science College ofThree Gorges University,Hubei,Yichang,443002;2.Institute of Intelligent Vision and Image Information Best,Hubei,Yichang,443002);The Study of GIS Emulation Technique and Application Direction[A];[C];2009
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Li Hua Jur; Mei Ning(Ocean University of Qingdao)Cheng Xiao Fang(Univerbity of beience And Technology of China);Fuzzy Assessment Method for Urban Fire Risks In Cities[J];FIRE SAFETY SCIENCE;1995-01
2 Zhang Renlin(Northwest University);GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AND NATURAL HAZARD REDUCTION[J];JOURNAL OF CATASTROPHOLOGY;1995-02
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved