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《Seismology and Geology》 2003-01
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SEISMIC MOMENT TENSOR ELEMENT M_(rr) AS A SIMPLIFIED REPRESENTATION OF CRUSTAL POTENTIAL ENERGY CHANGE: ITS SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION PATTERN AND RELATION TO THE CONTINENTAL TECTONIC BLOCKS IN CHINA

WU Zhong-liang 1,2,3) HUANG Jing 2) ZHANG Dong-ning 2) ZHOU Gong-wei 2) ZHANG Guo-min 3) 1) Center for Earth System Science, Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China 2) Institute of Geophysics, China Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100081, China 3) Center for Analysis and Prediction, China Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100036, China  
Spatial distribution of the signs of the seismic moment tensor element M rr is mapped by using the Harvard CMT catalogue and the catalogue of earthquake focal mechanisms in China. This distribution pattern corresponds to a simplified version of the change of crustal potential energy calculated by Tanimoto and Okamoto (2000), in which the sign of M rr indicates the state of stress at the seismic source. When M rr is positive, it represents a compressional state; when M rr is negative, it represents a tensional state. We define the 'mixed state' for the case that positive and negative M rr are mixed together, which corresponds to a complex stress state with a significant shear component. This simplification is taken because for many earthquakes the focal depths cannot be precisely determined so that the calculation of crustal potential energy cannot get reliable results; moreover, for most of the regional/local catalogues of focal mechanisms, their completeness cannot be ensured. Comparison between the spatial distribution of M rr and the dynamic pattern of continental blocks in China shows that the stress state within each tectonic block has significant consistency, while the stress state at the boundary is different from that within the block, implying the existence of the blocks and their relative motions to each other.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目 (G19980 4 0 70 5 );; 中国科学院“百人计划”共同资助。
【CateGory Index】: P315.3
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