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《Seismology and Geology》 2007-03
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THE NUMERICAL SIMULATION ON COSEISMIC EFFECT OF THE 14 NOVEMBER 2001 GREAT KUNLUN EARTHQUAKE,NORTHERN TIBET,China

WANG Hui1,2)ZHANG Guo-min1)ZHANG Huai2)SHI Yao-lin2)LIU Jie3)SHEN Xu-hui1)1)Institute of Earthquake Science,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100036,China2)Laboratory of Computational Geodynamics,Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China3)China Earthquake Network Center,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100036,China  
The 14 November 2001 MS 8.1 Kunlun earthquake at northern Tibet is the largest earthquake that occurred in the Chinese continent since 1950.We apply a three-dimensional(3-D)finite element numerical procedure to model the coseismic displacement and stress fields caused by the earthquake dislocations,which are constrained by field investigations.We then further investigate the stress interaction between the MS 8.1 earthquake and the intensive aftershocks.Our primary calculation shows that the coseismic displacement field is centralized around the east Kunlun Fault zone.And the attenuation of coseismic displacements on the south side of Kunlun Fault zone is larger than that on the north side.The calculated coseismic stress field also indicates that the calculated maximal shear stress field is centralized around the east Kunlun Fault zone,and the directions of the coseismic maximal principal stress are contrary to that of the background crustal stress filed of Tibet Plateau.It indicates that the earthquake relaxes the crustal stress state in Tibet Plateau.Finally,we study the stress interaction between the MS 8.1 earthquake and its intensive aftershocks.The calculated Coulomb stress changes of the MS8.1 great earthquake are in favor of triggering 3 aftershocks.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(2004CB418406);; 科技部“网络计算环境建设”项目(2005DKA64000);; 中国地震局地震预测研究所青年基金(QN200509)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: P315.1
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