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《Seismology and Geology》 2008-03
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CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SURFACE RUPTURE ZONE OF THE M_S8.0 WENCHUAN EARTHQUAKE,CHINA ALONG THE SEGMENT NORTH TO BEICHUAN

LI Chuan-you1) YE Jian-qing2) XIE Fu-ren3) ZHENG Wen-jun1)HAN Yong-bing2) LIU Yu-fa4) WANG Wei-tao1) WEI Zhan-yu1)ZHAO Dong2) MA Bao-qi3) REN Jun-jie3)1)National Center for Active Fault Studies,Institute of Geology,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100029,China2)Earthquake Administration of Zhejiang Province,Hangzhou 310013,China3)Institute of Crustal Dynamics,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100085,China4)Earthquake Administration of Sichuan Province,Chengdu 610041,China  
Field investigation on the surface ruptures of the MS8.0 Wenchuan earthquake along the segment between Beichuan and Qingchuan shows that there is one surface rupture zone developed on this segment,which extends generally along the Beichuan-Qingchuan Fault zone.Observation at Huangjiaba Chenjiaba,Guixi,Pingtong,Nanba,and Shikan suggests that the surface ruptures on this segment spread continuously along the trend of the fault,with single structure and a length of 60~90km.The surface rupture has not reached Guanzhuang of Qingchuan county.The observable rupture zone is about 62km,between Beichuan and Shikan,trending 20°~55° in general,dipping NW with an angle of 70°,showing mainly thrusting with dextral strike-slipping.The most distinct feature of the surface ruptures of this earthquake is the vertical surface bending,which indicates the thrusting of the deep fault.Its horizontal motion on this segment displays as dextral strike slipping,without sinistral slipping component.The value of the vertical coseismic displacements decreases gradually from 3m at Huangjiaba to about 1.5m at Nanba and Shikan;The amount of the dextral displacements does not change evidently,generally between 1.5m and 2.0m.Features of the surface rupture show that the causative tectonics of this MS8.0 Wenchuan earthquake is the Yingxiu-Beichuan-Qingchuan Fault,whose movement is characterized mainly by thrusting,with a dextral slipping component,and the thrusting direction is from west to east.
【Fund】: 中国地震局汶川8.0级地震应急科学考察项目;; 中国地震局地质研究所基本科研业务专项(DFIGCEA060718);; 国家自然科学基金(40602019)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: P315.2
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