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《Seismology and Geology》 2017-05
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EXPERIMENT STUDY ON ACOUSTIC EMISSION,MICROSEISM AND CHARGE INDUCTION DURING FRACTURE PROCESS OF GRANITE WITH FAULT ZONE UNDER UNIAXIAL COMPRESSION

ZHAO Yang-feng;LIU Li-qiang;PAN Yi-shan;School of Mechanics and Engineering,Liaoning Technical University;State Key Laboratory of Earthquake Dynamics,Institute of Geology,China Earthquake Administration;  
As the rock samples will produce abnormal signals of acoustic emission,microseismic and charge signals under external loading, the waveform comprehensive monitoring devices are used to synchronously monitor acoustic emission,microseismic and charge signals during the deformation and failure process of granite with fault zone under uniaxial compression. The results show that,the granite with fault zone has obvious synchronous precursory signals of acoustic emission,microseism and charge induction in the elastic deformation stage,and has high amplitude synchronous precursory signals in the instability destruction stage. The influence of fault zone on granite samples strength is remarkable,and the uniaxial compressive strength of samples with the fault zone is greatly reduced.With the angle of the fault zone decreasing,the uniaxial compressive strength of the specimens is reduced,the samples are more liable to instability and the energy of instability destruction is greater.With the fault zone angle of granite samples decreasing,the acoustic emission,microseismic and charge induction signals increase in the deformation and failure process of samples. The samples stress decreases when the acoustic emission,microseismic and charge induction precursory signals appear synchronously. The duration of acoustic emission,microseismic and charge induction precursory signals is increasing in the instability destruction stage. When the angle of the fault zone reaches 30°,the mutability of acoustic emission,microseismic and charge induction signal increases,the time to enter the dangerous stage is much earlier,and the acoustic emission events of large magnitude increase significantly,and the large angle faults of coal mine are more dangerous. The intensive and high amplitude synchronous precursory signals of acoustic emission,microseism and charge induction are produced before the instability destruction,and the signals duration is shorter. The intensive and strongest synchronous precursory signals of acoustic emission,microseism and charge induction are produced in the instability destruction, and the signals duration is longer. Acoustic emission monitoring data can better reflect the micro rupture of rock. And combined with the acoustic emission,microseismic and charge induction precursory signals,the precursory information of rock instability destruction can be obtained more accurately.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(51274114);; 中国博士后基金特别资助(2014T70103);; 中国地震局地质研究所基本科研业务专项(IGCEA1415)共同资助
【CateGory Index】: TU45
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