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《SEISMOLOGY AND GEOLOGY》 1995-04
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EFFECT OF DEHYDRATION OF MONTMORILLONITE ON CONSTITUTIVE BEHAVIOR OF FRICTION

Ma Shengli(Institute of Geology,SSB,Beijing 100029)Shimamoto Toshihiko(Earthquake Research Institute,The University of Tokyo,Toky.113)  
The velocity dependence of friction along fault zone with montmorillonite gouge at different temperatures has been studied on a biaxial friction rig at high temperature.The results show that the frictional strength of fault zone increases with increasing temperature,while the velecity dependence is rather complex. At room temperature and 100℃,the friction shows weak velocity weakening at slip rate below 1.4um/s,but velocity strengthening above 1.4 um/s.At 200℃,velocity strengthening is observed at all slip rates.At 300℃,the friction still shows velocity strengthening at slip rate above 1.4um/s,but changes into velocity weakening at slip rate below 1.4um/s. When temperatures are above 400℃,great velocity weakening is observed at all slip rates. The analysis indicates that the changes in frictional behav-ior are closely related with the dehydration and relevant change in deformation mode of fault gouge.
【CateGory Index】: P542.3
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