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《Journal of Dezhou University》 2009-05
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On the Thought of Tian Tongzhi's Ci

SUN Yan-jie(Chinese Department of Dezhou University,Dezhou Shandong 253023,China)  
Tian Tongzhi was born in a well-known family of literature and followed his grandfather,Tian Wen in poem from his childhood.At his old age,he resigned from official post and devoted himself to Ci in his hometown.He wrote two works: Xipucishuo,a book on Ci theory,and Wanxiangci,a select book of Ci.His views of Ci has two theory sources: one is the standpoint of Guangling poets whose representative is Wang Shizhen learn,the other is Zexi school of thought whose representatives is Zhu Yizun.He improved the literature position of Ci,criticized and denied the traditional idea that Ci is the small skill.He considered that poems' characteristics are "aboundance of truth and lack of false" and "literature born from feeling",while Ci's characteristics are "aboundance of false and lack of truth" and "feeling born from literature".He described the Ci style and maintained the style is various,not restricted to one pattern,take in concurrently and adopt.He combined his own know of composing Ci,learned others' theory and clarified the norm,requirement,method of compsing Ci from many angles.He has 93 Ci theories,most of which are his adoption and selection form others' discourses.But they should include his own experience and comprehension,and have reflected his thought on Ci.
【Fund】: 山东省教育厅人文社科项目(S07WZ38)
【CateGory Index】: I207.23
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