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Review on Geomicrobiological Research in Caves

ZHAO Xiao-linga,YANG Xiao-fena,ZENG Cui-pinga,LIU Qian-yinga,WANG Hong-meib(a.Graduate School;b.Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology of Ministry of Education,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan 430074,China)  
Geomicrobial research in cave is one of the most important fields in geomicrobiology.This review summarizes the recent development of microbial and molecular techniques in cave microbial studies.These new techniques include BIOLOG microbial identification system,clone library,DGGE /TGGE,FISH,and ISP.It also dicusses principles,advantages and disadvantages of each method.Meanwhile,it documents the microbial diversity and their roles in calcium precipitation,ferromanganese deposit formation.However,there is lack of systematic study in cave geomicrobiology especially the relationship between microorganism and the formation of stalagmite.It suggests that more work should be done on the spatial and seasonal distribution of cave microorganism.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(405310044052500840672081)
【CateGory Index】: Q93
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