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《Geological Science and Technology Information》 2008-02
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Characteristics of Deuterium Excess Parameter of Groundwater in Heihe River Basin

GAN Yi-qun~a,LI Xiao-qian~b,ZHOU Ai-guo~a,LIU Cun-fu~a,WU Jin-bo~b(a.School of Environmental Studies;b.Graduate School,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan 430074,China)  
Deuterium excess parameter(d value)is of considerable hydrogeological significance,for it is an important parameter index in the study of surface water and groundwater.Heihe River,with fragile ecological environment,is one of largest interior rivers in the arid northwest region of China.Hence,the study on the characteristics of deuterium excess parameter about snow melting water,surface water and groundwater in Heihe drainage area will help to reveal the interrelation and interreaction with precipitation,snow melting water,surface water and groundwater during water cycle and transformation in the area and can provide useful information for protecting ecological environment and managing water resources.The research shows that:(1) the d value of snow melting water in Qilian Mountain,the source region of Heihe River,is specially much positive and reaches up to 16.0‰—24.8‰;(2) the d value has visible difference between shallow groundwater and deep groundwater in fine soil plain of Zhangye Basin,respectively 9.0‰—12.0‰ and 16.6‰—21.8‰,showing the different recharge resources.The d values of shallow and deep groundwater are both between 15.8‰ and 19.6‰ in Jiuquan Basin,where groundwater is mainly recharged by snow melting water and bedrock fissure water;(3) most shallow groundwater in Ejina Basin is influenced by evaporation,with d values of 2.6‰—8.8‰,which is the unique characteristic in the arid area;(4) the d value is more negative lowly to about-30‰ or so in Gurinai area,which is infrequent in the world,where the groundwater may be supplied by meteoric water in conditions of cold climate and be vaporized during slow flow for longtime;(5) the special was also found in deep groundwater near east Juyan Sea,with d values of-2.4‰—-1.0‰,showing that groundwater may be formed in cold climate;(6) the surface water in east Juyan Sea and Swan Lake has both positive values of δ(18O) and δ(D),far exceeding the seawater.The d value is abnormally negative,as low as-55.2‰—-35.8‰,which may be the result of evaporation in extremely droughty environment.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目“硫酸盐中17O和18O同时测试技术及其应用”(40572140);; “微量水17O和18O同时测试新技术及其在水循环研究中的应用”(40602030)
【CateGory Index】: P641.3
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